Municipal Bond Arbitrage


DEFINITION of 'Municipal Bond Arbitrage'

A strategy that consists of building a portfolio of tax-exempt municipal bonds and simultaneously hedging the duration risk of the portfolio through the short sale of equivalent taxable corporate bonds of the same maturity, generally interest rate swaps. Because interest on municipal bonds is exempt from federal income tax, an arbitrageur can receive after-tax income from the municipal bond portfolio that is higher than the interest paid on the interest rate swap.

BREAKING DOWN 'Municipal Bond Arbitrage'

The implicit assumption in this arbitrage is that the municipal bonds and interest rate swaps will continue to have a close correlation. The strategy seeks to minimize credit risk and duration risk by using municipal bonds and interest rate swaps of similar quality and maturity.

  1. Fully Taxable Equivalent Yield

    The yield on a municipal bond, when the effect of reduced taxes ...
  2. Maintenance Bond

    A type of surety bond purchased by a contractor that protects ...
  3. Interest Rate Swap

    An agreement between two parties (known as counterparties) where ...
  4. Municipal Bond

    A debt security issued by a state, municipality or county to ...
  5. Arbitrage

    The simultaneous purchase and sale of an asset in order to profit ...
  6. Tax-Equivalent Yield

    The pretax yield that a taxable bond needs to possess for its ...
Related Articles
  1. Bonds & Fixed Income

    The Basics Of Municipal Bonds

    Investing in these bonds may offer a tax-free income stream but they are not without risks.
  2. Taxes

    Avoid Tricky Tax Issues On Municipal Bonds

    Learn the rules every investor should know before buying into this "tax-free" investment.
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Using Decision Trees In Finance

    A decision tree provides a comprehensive framework to review the alternative scenarios and consequences a decision may lead to.
  4. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Credit Default Swaps: An Introduction

    This derivative can help manage portfolio risk, but it isn't a simple vehicle.
  5. Economics

    Currency Swap Basics

    A currency swap involves two parties exchanging a notional principal and interest to gain exposure to a desired currency.
  6. Economics

    5 Ways to Play the Stock Market after an Interest Rate Hike

    When the Fed will raises rates is still the unknown, but if it happens investors can benefit. Financials, consumer and growth stocks should do well.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Are Vanguard ETFs a safe investment?

    Learn about safe ETF funds available from Vanguard. Learn why bond funds have low volatility, but still do have certain risks for investors.
  8. Trading Strategies

    Why Short Sales Are Not For Sissies

    Short selling has a number of risks that make it highly unsuitable for the novice investor.
  9. Investing

    Would an Infrastructure Bank Help America's Faltering Roads and Bridges

    Politicians are now calling for a National Infrastructure Bank to create jobs. But would a bank provide adequate funding to fix our roads and bridges?
  10. Investing

    What to Make of a Zero Percent Yield

    Interest rates hit a new bottom earlier this month when three-month Treasury bills (T-bills) were sold at a zero percent yield for the first time ever.
  1. Do mutual funds invest only in stocks?

    Mutual funds invest in stocks, but certain types also invest in government and corporate bonds. Stocks are subject to the ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the relationship between the current yield and risk?

    The general relationship between current yield and risk is that they increase in correlation to one another. A higher current ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Is there a difference between financial spread betting and arbitrage?

    Financial spread betting is a type of speculation that involves a highly leveraged derivative product, whereas arbitrage ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the goals of covered interest arbitrage?

    The goals of covered interest arbitrage include enabling investors to trade volatile currency pairs without risk as well ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Who or what is backing municipal bonds?

    Municipal bonds are backed by dedicated taxes or revenue sources related to specific projects, or by the full faith and credit ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How stable are municipal bonds?

    Stability is relative in the municipal bond market. Municipal bonds tend to be safer than many other types of investments, ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  2. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  3. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
  4. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and ...
  5. Indemnity

    Indemnity is compensation for damages or loss. Indemnity in the legal sense may also refer to an exemption from liability ...
  6. Discount Bond

    A bond that is issued for less than its par (or face) value, or a bond currently trading for less than its par value in the ...
Trading Center