National Income Accounting

AAA

DEFINITION of 'National Income Accounting'

A term used in economics to refer to the bookkeeping system that a national government uses to measure the level of the country's economic activity in a given time period. National income accounting records the level of activity in accounts such as total revenues earned by domestic corporations, wages paid to foreign and domestic workers, and the amount spent on sales and income taxes by corporations and individuals residing in the country.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'National Income Accounting'

National income accounting provides economists and statisticians with detailed information that can be used to track the health of an economy and to forecast future growth and development. Although national income accounting is not an exact science, it provides useful insight into how well an economy is functioning, and where monies are being generated and spent.

Some of the metrics calculated by using national income accounting include gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP) and gross national income (GNI).

RELATED TERMS
  1. Intermediate Good

    An intermediate good is a good or service that is used in the ...
  2. Economic Conditions

    The state of the economy in a country or region. Economic conditions ...
  3. Capital Formation

    A term used to describe net capital accumulation during an accounting ...
  4. Gross National Product - GNP

    An economic statistic that includes GDP, plus any income earned ...
  5. Gross Domestic Product - GDP

    The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced ...
  6. Aggregate Demand

    The total amount of goods and services demanded in the economy ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is GDP and why is it so important?

    The gross domestic product (GDP) is one the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country's economy. It represents ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis

    From unemployment and inflation to government policy, learn what macroeconomics measures and how it affects everyone.
  2. Economics

    The Importance Of Inflation And GDP

    Learn the underlying theories behind these concepts and what they can mean for your portfolio.
  3. Investing

    What's a Debit Note?

    A debit note is a document used by a seller to inform a purchaser of a dollar amount owed. As the name indicates, it is a note from the seller that a debit has been made to the purchaser’s account. ...
  4. Investing

    What's Capitalization?

    Capitalization has different meanings depending on the context.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    The Best 5 Online Accounting Systems For Small Business

    Running a small business can be difficult, but thanks to these online accounting services, taking care of payroll doesn't have to be.
  6. Investing

    Understanding Cost Accounting

    Cost accounting is the method of financially allocating expenses to goods that are manufactured for resale. Cost accounting is also referred to as managerial accounting, because managers use ...
  7. Investing

    What are Prepaid Expenses?

    A prepaid expense is an asset on the balance sheet. Due to accounting principles, expenses are often accrued on the balance sheet and expensed in a later period.
  8. Investing

    What's a Sunk Cost?

    A sunk cost was incurred in the past, is independent of future events and cannot be recouped. Economists teach that sunk costs should not be considered when making a financial decision. Rather, ...
  9. Investing

    What are Fixed Costs?

    Fixed costs are business expenses that do not change as the level of production goes up or down. They are one of two types of business expense, the other being variable costs. Variable costs ...
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    What's the FCCR?

    The fixed charge coverage ratio (FCCR) is an accounting calculation that shows a company’s ability to pay its fixed costs – expenses that generally do not vary with production level. This may ...

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Prepaid Expense

    A type of asset that arises on a balance sheet as a result of business making payments for goods and services to be received ...
  2. Gordon Growth Model

    A model for determining the intrinsic value of a stock, based on a future series of dividends that grow at a constant rate. ...
  3. Cost Accounting

    A type of accounting process that aims to capture a company's costs of production by assessing the input costs of each step ...
  4. Law Of Supply

    A microeconomic law stating that, all other factors being equal, as the price of a good or service increases, the quantity ...
  5. Investment Grade

    A rating that indicates that a municipal or corporate bond has a relatively low risk of default. Bond rating firms, such ...
  6. Fringe Benefits

    A collection of various benefits provided by an employer, which are exempt from taxation as long as certain conditions are ...
Trading Center