Negative Arbitrage

DEFINITION of 'Negative Arbitrage'

The opportunity lost when municipal bond issuers assume proceeds from debt offerings and then invest that money for a period of time (ideally in a safe investment vehicle) until the money is used to fund a project, or to repay investors. The lost opportunity occurs when the money is reinvested and the debt issuer earns a rate or return that is lower than what must actually be paid back to the debt holders.

BREAKING DOWN 'Negative Arbitrage'

As an example, XYZ issuer distributes $50 million in municipal bonds paying 6%. The issuer takes in this money, and then invests it at 4.2% for a period of one year, because the prevailing market will not pay a higher rate. The issuer has lost the equivalent of 1.8% interest that it could have earned or retained.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Arbitrageur

    A type of investor who attempts to profit from price inefficiencies ...
  2. Risk Arbitrage

    A broad definition for three types of arbitrage that contain ...
  3. Municipal Bond

    A debt security issued by a state, municipality or county to ...
  4. Merger Arbitrage

    A hedge fund strategy in which the stocks of two merging companies ...
  5. Offering

    The issue or sale of a security by a company. It is often used ...
  6. Fixed-Income Arbitrage

    An investment strategy that attempts to profit from arbitrage ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Trading The Odds With Arbitrage

    Profiting from arbitrage is not only for market makers - retail traders can find opportunity in risk arbitrage.
  2. Options & Futures

    Put-Call Parity And Arbitrage Opportunity

    Look at trades that are profitable when the value of corresponding puts and calls diverge.
  3. Investing

    How to Ballast a Portfolio with Bonds

    If January and early February performance is any guide, there’s a new normal in financial markets today: Heightened volatility.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    5 Vanguard Fixed Income Fund Underperformers

    Learn about three Vanguard fixed income mutual funds that underperform compared to their benchmark indexes. Find out why low expense ratios are important.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 Allianz Funds for Retirement Diversification in 2016

    Discover the top three Allianz funds for retirement diversification in 2016, with a summary of the portfolio's managers, performance and risk measures.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    3 PIMCO Funds Rated 5 Stars by Morningstar

    Learn about three fixed income mutual funds managed by Pacific Investment Management Company (PIMCO) that have received five-star overall ratings from Morningstar.
  7. Investing

    How Rising Interest Rates Affect Junk Bonds

    We examine the impact of rising interest rates on higher-yielding bonds.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 4 Best Fidelity Funds for Income Seekers in 2016

    Discover the four best fixed-income mutual funds administered and managed by Fidelity Investments suitable for income-seeking investors.
  9. Investing

    What Investors Need to Know About Returns in 2016

    Last year wasn’t a great one for investors seeking solid returns, so here are three things we believe all investors need to know about returns in 2016.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 4 Best Vanguard Funds for Income Seekers in 2016

    Discover four mutual funds administered and managed by the Vanguard Group that would be suitable for income-seeking investors for 2016.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is arbitrage?

    Arbitrage is basically buying in one market and simultaneously selling in another, profiting from a temporary difference. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the maximum Social Security disability benefits?

    The average Social Security disability benefit amount for a recipient of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) in 2 ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do I calculate the future value of an annuity?

    When planning for retirement, it is important to have a good idea of how much income you can rely on each year. There are ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Have hedge funds eroded market opportunities?

    Hedge funds have not eroded market opportunities for longer-term investors. Many investors incorrectly assume they cannot ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Are high yield bonds a good investment?

    Bonds are rated according to their risk of default by independent credit rating agencies such as Moody's, Standard & ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Do mutual funds invest only in stocks?

    Mutual funds invest in stocks, but certain types also invest in government and corporate bonds. Stocks are subject to the ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Black Swan

    An event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation and that would be extremely difficult ...
  2. Inverted Yield Curve

    An interest rate environment in which long-term debt instruments have a lower yield than short-term debt instruments of the ...
  3. Socially Responsible Investment - SRI

    An investment that is considered socially responsible because of the nature of the business the company conducts. Common ...
  4. Presidential Election Cycle (Theory)

    A theory developed by Yale Hirsch that states that U.S. stock markets are weakest in the year following the election of a ...
  5. Super Bowl Indicator

    An indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in ...
Trading Center