Negative Arbitrage

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Negative Arbitrage'

The opportunity lost when municipal bond issuers assume proceeds from debt offerings and then invest that money for a period of time (ideally in a safe investment vehicle) until the money is used to fund a project, or to repay investors. The lost opportunity occurs when the money is reinvested and the debt issuer earns a rate or return that is lower than what must actually be paid back to the debt holders.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Negative Arbitrage'

As an example, XYZ issuer distributes $50 million in municipal bonds paying 6%. The issuer takes in this money, and then invests it at 4.2% for a period of one year, because the prevailing market will not pay a higher rate. The issuer has lost the equivalent of 1.8% interest that it could have earned or retained.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Arbitrageur

    A type of investor who attempts to profit from price inefficiencies ...
  2. Risk Arbitrage

    A broad definition for three types of arbitrage that contain ...
  3. Municipal Bond

    A debt security issued by a state, municipality or county to ...
  4. Merger Arbitrage

    A hedge fund strategy in which the stocks of two merging companies ...
  5. Offering

    The issue or sale of a security by a company. It is often used ...
  6. Fixed-Income Arbitrage

    An investment strategy that attempts to profit from arbitrage ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is arbitrage?

    Arbitrage is basically buying in one market and simultaneously selling in another, profiting from a temporary difference. ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Trading The Odds With Arbitrage

    Profiting from arbitrage is not only for market makers - retail traders can find opportunity in risk arbitrage.
  2. Options & Futures

    Put-Call Parity And Arbitrage Opportunity

    Look at trades that are profitable when the value of corresponding puts and calls diverge.
  3. Investing

    Why Is Arbitrage Trading Legal?

    Not only is arbitrage legal in the US and most developed countries, it can be beneficial to the overall health of a market.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    How ETF Arbitrage Works

    ETF arbitrage brings the market price of ETFs back in line with net asset values when divergence happens. But how does ETF arbitrage work?
  5. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Should Junk Bond ETFs Be a Part of Your Portfolio?

    Should junk bonds be a part of your portfolio? Here's what you need to know.
  6. Professionals

    Vanguard Readies Muni Bond ETF

    Vanguard is set to roll out a muni bond ETF, the firm's first.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Is the TLT ETF a Good Bet for the Long Run?

    Is the iShares 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETF (TLT) a good bet for the long run?
  8. Bonds & Fixed Income

    African Equities vs. Bonds: Risks and Rewards

    A look at the risks and rewards of exposure to African equities vs. bonds.
  9. Bonds & Fixed Income

    How Rate Hikes Will Affect Your Investments?

    An interest rate hike by the Fed, which will happen either during their June or September meeting, could impact your fixed income investments.
  10. Professionals

    Is Now the Time for Junk Bonds?

    A bet on high-yield bonds is a bet that the global economy will continue to improve...but not too much.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  2. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  3. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
  4. Hurdle Rate

    The minimum rate of return on a project or investment required by a manager or investor. In order to compensate for risk, ...
  5. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value is also commonly used to refer to the market capitalization ...
  6. Preference Shares

    Company stock with dividends that are paid to shareholders before common stock dividends are paid out. In the event of a ...
Trading Center