DEFINITION of 'Neoliberalism'

An approach to economics and social studies in which control of economic factors is shifted from the public sector to the private sector. Drawing upon principles of neoclassical economics, neoliberalism suggests that governments reduce deficit spending, limit subsidies, reform tax law to broaden the tax base, remove fixed exchange rates, open up markets to trade by limiting protectionism, privatize state-run businesses, allow private property and back deregulation.


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BREAKING DOWN 'Neoliberalism'

The use of the term "liberal" in economics is different from its use in politics. Liberalism in economics refers to "freeing up" the economy by removing barriers and restrictions to what actors can do. Neoliberalism's policies seek to create a laissez-faire atmosphere for economic development.

  1. Laissez Faire

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  3. Chicago School

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  4. Deregulation

    The reduction or elimination of government power in a particular ...
  5. Neoclassical Economics

    An approach to economics that relates supply and demand to an ...
  6. Equilibrium

    The state in which market supply and demand balance each other ...
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  1. What is the government's role and what is the private sector's role in neoliberalism?

    Neoliberalist economic theory supports minimization of government intervention and laissez-faire policy. Neoliberalism is ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do you make working capital adjustments in transfer pricing?

    Transfer pricing refers to prices that a multinational company or group charges a second party operating in a different tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Marginal propensity to Consume (MPC) Vs. Save (MPS)

    Historically, because people in the United States have shown a higher propensity to consume, this is likely the more important ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Which is more important to a nation's economy, the balance of trade or the balance ...

    There is no question the composition of a country's balance of payments is more important than its balance of trade. This ... Read Full Answer >>
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