Net Profits Interest

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Net Profits Interest'

A percentage that is paid out of the working interest owner's share of net profits. This is a non-operating interest that may be created when the owner of a property - typically an offshore oil and gas property - leases it out to another party for development and production. A net profits interest may be granted instead of a royalty interest, where the holder receives a share of gross revenues rather than net profits.

The holder of a net profits interest is not liable for paying a proportionate share of losses if the property is unprofitable. However, depending on the stipulations of the lease contract, the working interest owner may recover these losses from future payments of net profit.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Net Profits Interest'

For example, such an interest may be created when Company A, which owns the rights to explore and develop an oil and gas property, leases it to Company B, in exchange for a 12% share in net profits from the leased property. In a given year, if Company B makes $10 million in net profits after deducting all allowable and applicable expenses from revenue generated from the property, $1.2 million would be payable to Company A as its share of net profits.

In order to avoid legal complications down the road, the exact definition of net profits and the expenses that are allowed to be deducted from revenue to arrive at it should be clearly specified in the lease contract. Accounting transparency is another prerequisite.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Mineral Rights

    A landowner's right to receive a portion of the profits of any ...
  2. Royalty Interest

    In the oil and gas industry this refers to ownership of a portion ...
  3. Working Interests

    Refers to a form of investment in oil and gas drilling operations ...
  4. Property Rights

    Laws created by governments in regards to how individuals can ...
  5. Master Limited Partnership - MLP

    A type of limited partnership that is publicly traded. There ...
  6. Financial Singlularity

    A financial singularity is the point at which investment decisions ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How does the division of regional and national banks affect investing in the banking ...

    Investors looking at the banking sector have a choice to either invest in large national banks that provide a higher degree ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How can I find net margin by looking a company's financial statements?

    In finance and accounting, financial statements represent the fundamental means of analyzing a company's financial position, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What can working capital turnover ratios tell a trader?

    A company's working capital turnover ratio is traditionally positively correlated with business performance. A high, or better ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is a negative write-off?

    A negative write-off is a write-off conducted by a company or accountant after deciding not to pay back an individual or ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What metrics can be used when evaluating a telecommunications company to ensure its ...

    Cash flow analysis has been transformed since the widespread introduction of statements of cash flow, and investors have ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do you record adjustments for accrued revenue?

    An accountant records adjustments for accrued revenues through debit and credit journal entries in defined accounting periods ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Oil: A Big Investment With Big Tax Breaks

    Oil and gas investments can provide unmatched deduction potential for accredited investors.
  2. Active Trading

    Oil And Gas Industry Primer

    Before jumping into this hot sector, learn how these companies make their money.
  3. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Investing In Oil And Gas UITs

    Unit investment trusts provide direct exposure to the energy sector, fueling better returns.
  4. Forex Education

    A Primer On Offshore Drilling

    Learn the important ratios and terms that you'll need to know to get involved in this trading sector.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    Accounting For Differences In Oil And Gas Accounting

    How a company accounts for its expenses affects how its net income and cash flow numbers are reported.
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    Explaining the Common Size Income Statement

    A common size income statement expresses each account as a percentage of net sales.
  7. Professionals

    What Does an Auditor Do?

    An auditor ensures that organizations maintain accurate and honest financial records.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    Calculating the Net Debt to EBITDA Ratio

    Financial analysts typically use the net debt to EBITDA ratio to determine a company’s ability to pay its debt.
  9. Economics

    How Does an Operating Lease Work?

    Operating lease is a term used mostly in accounting to denote a lease that gives the lessee rights to use and operate an asset without ownership.
  10. Economics

    Understanding Historical Cost

    Historical cost equals the original purchase price of an asset recorded on a company’s balance sheet.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  2. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  3. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
  4. Grandfathered Activities

    Nonbank activities, some of which would normally not be permissible for bank holding companies and foreign banks in the United ...
  5. Touchline

    The highest price that a buyer of a particular security is willing to pay and the lowest price at which a seller is willing ...
  6. Himalayan Option

    An exotic equity option belonging to a class known as mountain range options. Himalayan options are based on a basket of ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!