Net Settlement

Definition of 'Net Settlement'


The resolution of all of a bank's transactions at the end of the day. Since banks engage in so many electronic transactions, they cannot simply count their cash at the end of the day to see how much money they have. Instead, they have to add up all their electronic credits and debits for the day as part of this calculation. The bank then sends its settlement file to a Federal Reserve Bank, which credits it with any funds due for interbank settlements.

Investopedia explains 'Net Settlement'


A bank's net settlement is kind of like an individual balancing his or her checkbook. If all of your transactions are in cash, all you need to do to check how much money you have is open your wallet and count the bills. But since most people have money going out in the form of cash, checks and debit- and credit-card transactions, and money coming in as cash, checks and direct deposits, all transactions, including purchases, returns, bills paid and paychecks received, must be added up to determine how much money a person has.


Filed Under:

comments powered by Disqus
Hot Definitions
  1. Market Segmentation

    A marketing term referring to the aggregating of prospective buyers into groups (segments) that have common needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action. Market segmentation enables companies to target different categories of consumers who perceive the full value of certain products and services differently from one another.
  2. Effective Annual Interest Rate

    An investment's annual rate of interest when compounding occurs more often than once a year. Calculated as the following:
  3. Debit Spread

    Two options with different market prices that an investor trades on the same underlying security. The higher priced option is purchased and the lower premium option is sold - both at the same time. The higher the debit spread, the greater the initial cash outflow the investor will incur on the transaction.
  4. Odious Debt

    Money borrowed by one country from another country and then misappropriated by national rulers. A nation's debt becomes odious debt when government leaders use borrowed funds in ways that don't benefit or even oppress citizens. Some legal scholars argue that successor governments should not be held accountable for odious debt incurred by earlier regimes, but there is no consensus on how odious debt should actually be treated.
  5. Takeover

    A corporate action where an acquiring company makes a bid for an acquiree. If the target company is publicly traded, the acquiring company will make an offer for the outstanding shares.
  6. Harvest Strategy

    A strategy in which investment in a particular line of business is reduced or eliminated because the revenue brought in by additional investment would not warrant the expense. A harvest strategy is employed when a line of business is considered to be a cash cow, meaning that the brand is mature and is unlikely to grow if more investment is added.
Trading Center