Nominal

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Nominal'

An unadjusted rate, value or change in value. This type of measure often reflects the current situation, such as the current price of a car, and doesn't make adjustments to reflect factors such as seasonality or inflation, which provide a more accurate measure in real terms.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Nominal'

In most cases, value is measured in real terms rather than nominal terms, which make adjustments to give a more accurate measure.

For example, if you buy a $900 bond and are paid $1,000 for it a year later, your rate of return is 11.1%. This is the nominal rate of return; it is unadjusted and reflects the return on your bond. However, to get a more accurate picture of the actual return, the rate needs to be adjusted for inflation because the purchasing power of the your money has likely changed over the one-year period. Therefore, if inflation for that year is 5%, the real rate of return is only 6.1% (11.1%-5%).

RELATED TERMS
  1. Nominal Interest Rate

    The interest rate before taking inflation into account. The equation ...
  2. For Valuation Only - FVO

    A notation placed in front of a security's price quote denoting ...
  3. Real Interest Rate

    An interest rate that has been adjusted to remove the effects ...
  4. Nominal Yield

    The coupon rate on a bond. The nominal yield is the interest ...
  5. Nominal Value

    The stated value of an issued security. Nominal value in economics ...
  6. Nominal Quotation

    A quote generated by a futures exchange or broker for contracts ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How do I calculate yield of an inflation adjusted bond?

    Standard yield calculation methods still apply to inflation-adjusted bonds, only investors are more likely to pay attention ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between the cost of capital and the discount rate?

    The cost of capital refers to the actual cost of financing business activity through either debt or equity capital. The discount ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What risks does a business owner face under a business structure with unlimited liability?

    The risks that a business owner faces under a business structure with unlimited liability are literally unlimited, but they ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is affected by the interest rate risk?

    Interest rate risk is the risk that arises when the absolute level of interest rates fluctuate. Interest rate risk directly ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does the market share of a few companies affect the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index ...

    In economics and commercial law, the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) is a widely used measure that indicates the amount ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How does the International Chamber of Commerce define the term 'Free on Board' (FOB)?

    The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) is one of world's largest business organizations and has published a set of trade ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Retirement

    Combating Retirement's Silent Killer: Inflation

    Inflation can devour a once secure nest egg. Learn how to protect yours.
  2. Economics

    Why The Consumer Price Index Is Controversial

    Find out why economists are torn about how to calculate inflation.
  3. Options & Futures

    Introduction To Inflation-Protected Securities

    Inflation is an enemy to investors - except to those who invest in IPS, which guarantee a real rate of return with no credit risk.
  4. Economics

    The Importance Of Inflation And GDP

    Learn the underlying theories behind these concepts and what they can mean for your portfolio.
  5. Retirement

    Inflation-Protected Annuities: Part Of A Solid Financial Plan

    If you worry about inflation and longevity risks, this may be the investment for you.
  6. Economics

    West Coast Vs. East Coast Economy

    The East’s focus on finance and banking contrasts the West’s drive toward technological innovation. But one thing is clear--each knows it needs the other.
  7. Investing Basics

    What is a Nominal Value?

    The nominal value of a security, such as a stock or bond, remains fixed for the duration of its life.
  8. Economics

    Explaining the Human Development Index

    The Human Development Index (HDI) is a metric developed by the United Nations to take the emphasis off economic growth and focus on human wellbeing.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Calculating Future Value

    Future value is the value of an asset or cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified sum today.
  10. Economics

    What is Deadweight Loss?

    Mainly used in economics, deadweight loss can be applied to any deficiency caused by an inefficient allocation of resources.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Net Worth

    The amount by which assets exceed liabilities. Net worth is a concept applicable to individuals and businesses as a key measure ...
  2. Stop-Loss Order

    An order placed with a broker to sell a security when it reaches a certain price. A stop-loss order is designed to limit ...
  3. Covered Call

    An options strategy whereby an investor holds a long position in an asset and writes (sells) call options on that same asset ...
  4. Butterfly Spread

    A neutral option strategy combining bull and bear spreads. Butterfly spreads use four option contracts with the same expiration ...
  5. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  6. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
Trading Center