Nonaccrual Loan

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Nonaccrual Loan'

A nonperforming loan that is not generating the stated interest rate because of nonpayment from the borrower, typically due to financial difficulties. Nonaccrual loans are more likely to default, meaning that the investor will not recoup his or her principal.

Standard banking regulation requires that nonperforming loans be classified as nonaccrual if principal and interest have not been paid for at least 90 days, except in cases where the lender has adequate collateral to cover the loan.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Nonaccrual Loan'

Banks and lending institutions maintain reserves to cover nonaccrual-loan losses. When borrowers resume making payments on the loan, the cash is applied first to principal and then to interest.

For bookkeeping purposes, banks deem nonaccrual loans as "cash basis loans." These loans can have interest credited only when the borrower makes payment; the bank can no longer credit the interest to its revenue until actual receipt. Interest is then recorded as earned income.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Reperforming Loan - RPL

    A loan on which the borrower was behind on payments (delinquent) ...
  2. Cash Basis Loan

    A loan where interest is recorded as earned when payment is collected. ...
  3. Loan

    The act of giving money, property or other material goods to ...
  4. Nonperforming Loan - NPL

    A sum of borrowed money upon which the debtor has not made his ...
  5. Default Probability

    The degree of likelihood that the borrower of a loan or debt ...
  6. Interest Rate

    The amount charged, expressed as a percentage of principal, by ...
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Is Loan Protection Insurance Right For You?

    This coverage can keep you from defaulting on your loans when you're in financial trouble.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Credit Default Swaps: An Introduction

    This derivative can help manage portfolio risk, but it isn't a simple vehicle.
  3. Budgeting

    Debt Consolidation Made Easy

    These five steps can help get you out of debt faster and easier than you'd ever imagined.
  4. Credit & Loans

    Student Loan Deferment: Live To Pay Another Day

    Extending your principal repayment date can increase your chances of fighting off default.
  5. Personal Finance

    Dawn Of The Zombie Debt

    Are old debts coming back to haunt you? We'll show you how to keep these zombies from eating you alive.
  6. The trick isn’t to buy the stock of the San Francisco-based LendingClub — it’s to become an investor in the loans the company wants to make.
    Stock Analysis

    Investing In (And With) Lending Club

    The trick isn’t to buy the stock of the San Francisco-based LendingClub — it’s to become an investor in the loans the company wants to make.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between a capital gearing ratio and a net gearing ratio?

    Understand the definition of gearing in the finance industry, the difference between net gearing and capital gearing ratios and how they are interpreted.
  8. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between the gearing ratio and the debt-to-equity ratio?

    Dive deeper into gearing ratios: what are they, how are they used and why the debt to equity ratio is one of the most popular analytical gearing tools.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between interest coverage ratio and DSCR?

    Understand the basics of the interest coverage ratio and the debt-service coverage ratio, including calculations and how each type reflects financial stability.
  10. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between interest coverage ratio and TIE?

    Read about the times interest earned, also known as the interest coverage ratio. Find out why this is an important ratio for investors and creditors.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  2. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  3. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  4. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  5. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
  6. Free Carrier - FCA

    A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods to a named airport, terminal, or other place where the carrier operates. ...
Trading Center