DEFINITION of 'Non-Qualified Distribution'
1) A distribution from a Roth IRA that occurs before the Roth IRA owner meets certain requirements (see definition for qualified distributions).
2) A distribution from an education savings account that exceeds the amount used for qualified education expenses.
BREAKING DOWN 'Non-Qualified Distribution'
Typically, when a distribution is non-qualified, the amount attributable to earnings will be subject to income tax and an early-distribution penalty of 10%.