Nonresident Alien

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Nonresident Alien'

A non-U.S. citizen who doesn't pass the green card test or the substantial presence test. If a non-citizen currently has a green card or has had a green card in the past calender year, he or she would pass the green card test and would be classified as a resident alien. If the individual has resided in the U.S. for more than 31 days in the current year and has resided in the U.S. for more than 183 days over a three-year period, including the current year, he or she would pass the substantial presence test and also be classified as a resident alien.

BREAKING DOWN 'Nonresident Alien'

Resident aliens are taxed on all earned income as if they were U.S. citizens, but a nonresident alien is not taxed in the same way. For a nonresident alien, only income that is generated from U.S. sources, excluding certain investments such as stocks, is subject to taxation. For example, if you live in England and own a company that operates in the U.S., but you have not been to the U.S. for five years and don't have a green card (a non-resident alien), the income generated by the business will be subject to U.S. tax. Dividends are taxed at 30% for every non-resident alien, while capital gains are not subject to U.S. tax.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Dividend

    A distribution of a portion of a company's earnings, decided ...
  2. IRS Publication 513

    A document published by the Internal Revenue Service that details ...
  3. Dual-Status Taxpayer

    A taxpayer that has met the criteria to be both a resident and ...
  4. Bona Fide Foreign Resident

    Any resident of a foreign country that meets the IRS criteria ...
  5. Alien

    Any person who is not a citizen of the country in which he or ...
  6. Capital Gain

    1. An increase in the value of a capital asset (investment or ...
Related Articles
  1. Taxes

    Tax Rules For Resident And Nonresident Aliens

    This article examines the definition and tax treatment of these types of non-U.S. citizens.
  2. Economics

    The Top 9 Things to Know About Hillary Clinton's Economic View

    Find out where former secretary of state and Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton stands on the economy, jobs, trade and education.
  3. Retirement

    How do you calculate penalties on a 401(k) early withdrawal?

    Find out how to calculate the penalties on early withdrawals from your 401(k), including the impact of the additional 10% tax penalty, vesting and income tax.
  4. Term

    Understanding the Maintenance Margin

    A maintenance margin is the minimum amount of equity that must be kept in a margin account.
  5. Savings

    A Look at the Cost and Tax Treatment of College

    Is there more we can do to improve the affordability of post-secondary education? We take a look at how students and colleges are taxed today.
  6. Taxes

    What's Wrong with the American Tax System

    American's are highly taxed and we still run a deficit. We explain why.
  7. Credit & Loans

    Co-signing a Loan? Make Sure You Know The Risks

    Contractually, co-signers are just as responsible for the loan as the person actually borrowing the money. Be careful not to put yourself at risk.
  8. Investing

    Trends In Copyright Litigation

    The Internet has resulted in an explosion in content. An increasing number of copyright trolls are monetizing such content through litigious practices.
  9. Taxes

    What's IRS Form 2848 Used For?

    It's a power of attorney tax form and here's what it can, and cannot, do.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Understanding Taxation On Leveraged ETFs

    Read about the potential tax implications for investors of leveraged exchange-traded funds, or ETFs, and learn why leveraged ETF taxation can be so complicated.
RELATED FAQS
  1. I am a non-U.S. citizen living outside the U.S. and trading stocks through a U.S. ...

    The tax implications for a foreign investor will depend on whether that person is classified as a resident alien or a non-resident ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do I file taxes for income from foreign sources?

    If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien, your income (except for amounts exempt under federal law), including that which ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. When am I not required to submit a social security number on my tax return?

    When filing your tax return, you are generally required to include the social security numbers of yourself and the individuals ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can I tell if I'm eligible for an EITC?

    According to the IRS, over 22 million taxpayers received $41.4 billion dollars in earned income tax credit (EITC) for tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. As a temporary resident of the US, can I withdraw funds from my Traditional IRA without ...

    Should you decide to invest in a Traditional IRA and receive a tax deduction for your contribution, the amounts that you ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Are spousal Social Security benefits taxable?

    Your spousal Social Security benefits may be taxable, depending on your total household income for the year. About one-third ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
  2. Gorilla

    A company that dominates an industry without having a complete monopoly. A gorilla firm has large control of the pricing ...
  3. Elephants

    Slang for large institutions that have the funds to make high volumes trades. Due to the large volumes of stock that elephants ...
  4. Widow's Exemption

    In general terms, a widow's exemption refers to the amount that can be deducted from taxable income by a widow, thereby reducing ...
  5. Wedding Warrant

    A warrant that can only be exercised if the host asset, typically a bond or preferred stock, is surrendered. Until the call ...
  6. Marlboro Friday

    A reference to Friday, April 2, 1993, when Philip Morris, the maker of Marlboro cigarettes, announced that it would be cutting ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!