Official Settlement Account


DEFINITION of 'Official Settlement Account'

A type of account used in balance of payments accounting to keep track of central banks' reserve asset transactions with each other. The official settlement account keeps track of transactions involving gold, foreign exchange reserves, bank deposits and special drawing rights (SDRs). Essentially, this account keeps track of transactions related to international assets.

BREAKING DOWN 'Official Settlement Account'

The other account types used in balance of payments accounting are the current account and the capital account. The current account keeps a record of a country's imports and exports of goods, services, income and transfers, and whether the country is a net creditor or net debtor. The capital account records the change in foreign and domestic ownership of assets.

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