Okun Gap

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Okun Gap'

A macroeconomic term that describes the situation when an economy's potential gross domestic product (GDP) differs from its actual gross domestic product. The gap can either be recessionary or inflationary, but will depend on the economy's current state, including levels of inflation and the unemployment rate.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Okun Gap'

An Okun gap can be expressed in either percentage or absolute terms and will be a measure of how much output, as measured by GDP, the economy produced in a given time period relative to the economy's full-employment level.

Arthur Okun, who is the person credited with discovering Okun's law, among other famous discoveries, was a senior economist at the Counsel of Economic Advisers (CEA) during President Kennedy's term in office and a professor at Yale University.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Full Employment

    A situation in which all available labor resources are being ...
  2. GDP Gap

    The forfeited output of a country's economy resulting from the ...
  3. Inflation

    The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services ...
  4. Gross Domestic Product - GDP

    The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced ...
  5. Inflationary Gap

    A macroeconomic condition that describes the distance between ...
  6. Okun's Law

    The relationship between an economy's unemployment rate and its ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is GDP and why is it so important to investors?

    The gross domestic product (GDP) is one the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country's economy. It represents ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How can I create a yield curve in Excel?

    You can create a yield curve in Microsoft Excel if you are given the time to maturities of bonds and their respective yields ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the different formations of yield curves?

    There are three main different formations of yield curves: normal, inverted and flat yield curves. The yield curve describes ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What does a large multiplier effect signify?

    The multiplier effect depends on banks' reserve requirements. In macroeconomics, if a country exhibits a large multiplier ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the criteria for a simple random sample?

    Simple random sampling is the most basic form of sampling and can be a component of more precise, more complex sampling methods. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How is money supply used in monetary policy?

    Regulating the money supply is the sole tool of the Federal Reserve's monetary policy. The Federal Reserve can affect the ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Economic Indicators That Do-It-Yourself Investors Should Know

    Understanding these investing tools will put the market in your hands.
  2. Options & Futures

    Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis

    From unemployment and inflation to government policy, learn what macroeconomics measures and how it affects everyone.
  3. Economics

    The Importance Of Inflation And GDP

    Learn the underlying theories behind these concepts and what they can mean for your portfolio.
  4. Investing Basics

    What is a Nominal Value?

    The nominal value of a security, such as a stock or bond, remains fixed for the duration of its life.
  5. Economics

    Explaining the Human Development Index

    The Human Development Index (HDI) is a metric developed by the United Nations to take the emphasis off economic growth and focus on human wellbeing.
  6. Economics

    Why Working Doesn't Add Up For Many Women

    A type of tax deduction for Japanese stay-at-home wives puts a barrier on women working full time in the country.
  7. Investing

    Why Some Investors Are Tilting Toward TIPS

    Last month’s five-year TIPS auction drew nearly $48 billion in interest, a sign of recent renewed demand for this inflation indexed asset among investors.
  8. Economics

    The Big Chill: What’s Wrong With The U.S. Consumer

    Based on the most recent April data, investors may, once again, be disappointed when the second-quarter gross domestic product (GDP) report comes in.
  9. Economics

    What is the International Monetary Fund?

    The International Monetary Fund fosters global monetary cooperation and sustainable economic growth.
  10. Economics

    What To Expect Following The Tory Triumph

    The decisive Conservative victory in the UK's recent general election removes some of the near-term political uncertainty that many were anticipating.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  2. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
  3. Yield Curve

    A line that plots the interest rates, at a set point in time, of bonds having equal credit quality, but differing maturity ...
  4. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include labor and capital, while output is typically measured in ...
  5. Variance

    The spread between numbers in a data set, measuring Variance is calculated by taking the differences between each number ...
  6. Terminal Value - TV

    The value of a bond at maturity, or of an asset at a specified, future valuation date, taking into account factors such as ...
Trading Center