One-Child Policy

AAA

DEFINITION of 'One-Child Policy'

A policy implemented by the Chinese government as a method of controlling the population. The one-child policy was introduced in 1979 in response to an explosive population growth, and mandated that couples from China's Han majority could only have one child. This was intended to alleviate the social, economic and environmental problems associated with the country's rapidly growing population.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'One-Child Policy'

Families can be fined thousands of dollars for having more than one child. Those who volunteer to have just one child are awarded a "Certificate of Honor for Single-Child Parents." It has been estimated that since 1979, the law has prevented approximately 250 million births. In certain cases, families can apply to have a second child for extenuating circumstances such as the death of the only child due to a natural disaster. In rural areas, families can apply to have a second child if the first child is a girl, or if the child has a physical or mental disability.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Thomas Malthus

    An 18th-century British philosopher and economist famous for ...
  2. Working-Age Population

    The total population in a region, within a set range of ages, ...
  3. Demographics

    Studies of a population based on factors such as age, race, sex, ...
  4. Baby Boomer Age Wave Theory

    An economic theory popularized by economist and writer Harry ...
  5. Boomernomics

    An investing strategy that involves buying equities directly ...
  6. Peter Pan Syndrome

    A regulatory environment in which firms prefer to stay small ...
Related Articles
  1. Introduction To The Chinese Banking ...
    Personal Finance

    Introduction To The Chinese Banking ...

  2. Top 6 Factors That Drive Investment ...
    Entrepreneurship

    Top 6 Factors That Drive Investment ...

  3. The Chinese Wall Protects Against Conflicts ...
    Options & Futures

    The Chinese Wall Protects Against Conflicts ...

  4. Budget Tips for Foreign Students in ...
    Budgeting

    Budget Tips for Foreign Students in ...

comments powered by Disqus
Hot Definitions
  1. Elasticity

    A measure of a variable's sensitivity to a change in another variable. In economics, elasticity refers the degree to which ...
  2. Tangible Common Equity - TCE

    A measure of a company's capital, which is used to evaluate a financial institution's ability to deal with potential losses. ...
  3. Yield To Maturity (YTM)

    The rate of return anticipated on a bond if held until the maturity date. YTM is considered a long-term bond yield expressed ...
  4. Net Present Value Of Growth Opportunities - NPVGO

    A calculation of the net present value of all future cash flows involved with an additional acquisition, or potential acquisition. ...
  5. Gresham's Law

    A monetary principle stating that "bad money drives out good." In currency valuation, Gresham's Law states that if a new ...
  6. Limit-On-Open Order - LOO

    A type of limit order to buy or sell shares at the market open if the market price meets the limit condition. This type of ...
Trading Center