One-Child Policy


DEFINITION of 'One-Child Policy'

A policy implemented by the Chinese government as a method of controlling the population. The one-child policy was introduced in 1979 in response to an explosive population growth, and mandated that couples from China's Han majority could only have one child. This was intended to alleviate the social, economic and environmental problems associated with the country's rapidly growing population.

BREAKING DOWN 'One-Child Policy'

Families can be fined thousands of dollars for having more than one child. Those who volunteer to have just one child are awarded a "Certificate of Honor for Single-Child Parents." It has been estimated that since 1979, the law has prevented approximately 250 million births. In certain cases, families can apply to have a second child for extenuating circumstances such as the death of the only child due to a natural disaster. In rural areas, families can apply to have a second child if the first child is a girl, or if the child has a physical or mental disability. (For more, see Benefits of China Changing It's One Child Policy.)

  1. Thomas Malthus

    An 18th-century British philosopher and economist famous for ...
  2. Working-Age Population

    The total population in a region, within a set range of ages, ...
  3. Demographics

    Studies of a population based on factors such as age, race, sex, ...
  4. Baby Boomer Age Wave Theory

    An economic theory popularized by economist and writer Harry ...
  5. Boomernomics

    An investing strategy that involves buying equities directly ...
  6. Sales Tax

    A consumption tax imposed by the government on the sale of goods ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    A Look at How China Controls Its Population

    Discover the many tactics China utilizes to control its population, and learn how the population control movement is driven by economic concerns.
  2. Personal Finance

    Introduction To The Chinese Banking System

    As China steps into a greater role in the global economic system, their banking system continues to evolve.
  3. Entrepreneurship

    Top 6 Factors That Drive Investment In China

    FDI in China surpassed $100 billion in 2010, certain key factors drive foreign direct investment.
  4. Options & Futures

    The Chinese Wall Protects Against Conflicts Of Interest

    After the crash of 1929, this barrier helped define ethical limits, but it did little to prevent fraud.
  5. Insurance

    Medicare 101: Do You Need All 4 Parts?

    Medicare is the United States’ health insurance program for those over age 65. Medicare has four parts, but you might not need them all.
  6. Economics

    Surpassing the World's Toughest Border: China's Great Firewall

    Learn how Baidu and CloudFlare's agreement to work together has tackled China's digital firewall, and how the partnership improves Internet access in China.
  7. Economics

    Virtual Joint Venture: A New Model For US Businesses to Enter China?

    Learn about virtual joint ventures and how these agreements may promote the entrance of American companies into China's vast markets.
  8. Economics

    Long-Term Investing Impact of the Paris Attacks

    We share some insights on how the recent terrorist attacks in Paris could impact the economy and markets going forward.
  9. Economics

    Understanding Donald Trump's Stance on China

    Find out why China bothers Donald Trump so much, and why the 2016 Republican presidential candidate argues for a return to protectionist trade policies.
  10. Economics

    Will Putin Ever Leave Office?

    Find out when, or if, Russian President Vladimir Putin will ever relinquish control over the Russian government, and whether it matters.
  1. Can FHA loans be used for condos?

    A borrower can obtain Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans to finance the purchase of a condominium as long as the ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can I get dental insurance with Medicare?

    Medicare does not offer dental insurance that will cover dental care and medical supplies, such as cleanings, sealants, extractions, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Who can make catch-up contributions to a Health Savings Account (HSA)?

    An eligible individual who is 55 years or older at the end of his tax year can make additional catch-up contributions to ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Do banks offer FHA loans?

    Many major U.S. banks, including Well Fargo & Company, U.S. Bancorp, Bank of America and Flagstar Bancorp, offer Federal ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What do states do with unclaimed property?

    Unclaimed property refers to personal accounts in financial institutions or companies that have had no activity and whose ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can you reclaim escheated, or unclaimed, property?

    The process for reclaiming unclaimed or escheated property varies by state, as the federal government does not have a central ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  2. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  3. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  4. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  5. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  6. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
Trading Center