Ordering Rules


DEFINITION of 'Ordering Rules'

The order in which Roth IRA assets are distributed. Assets are distributed from a Roth IRA in the following order:

1. IRA participant contributions
2. Taxable conversions
3. Non-taxable conversions
4. Earnings

BREAKING DOWN 'Ordering Rules'

This set of rules is used to determine the applicable tax treatment of a nonqualified Roth IRA distribution.

Under the aggregation and ordering rules, all of an individual's Roth IRAs are treated as a single account.

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  1. Is my non-qualified Roth IRA distribution subject to taxes or early distribution ...

    The ordering rules must be applied to determine whether the distribution is subject to income taxes and/or the early distribution ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can you have both a 401(k) and an IRA?

    Investors can have both a 401(k) and an individual retirement account (IRA) at the same time, and it is quite common to have ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Are 401(k) contributions tax deductible?

    All contributions to qualified retirement plans such as 401(k)s reduce taxable income, which lowers the total taxes owed. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are 401(k) rollovers taxable?

    401(k) rollovers are generally not taxable as long as the money goes into another qualifying plan, an individual retirement ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Are catch-up contributions included in the 415 limit?

    Unlike regular employee deferrals, catch-up contributions are not included in the 415 limit. While there is an annual limit ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Can catch-up contributions be matched?

    Depending on the terms of your plan, catch-up contributions you make to 401(k)s or other qualified retirement savings plans ... Read Full Answer >>

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