Overnight Index Swap

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Overnight Index Swap'

An interest rate swap involving the overnight rate being exchanged for a fixed interest rate. An overnight index swap uses an overnight rate index, such as the Federal Funds Rate, as the underlying for its floating leg, while the fixed leg would be set at an assumed rate. Overnight index swaps are popular amongst financial institutions for the reason that the overnight index is considered to be a good indicator of the interbank credit markets, and less risky than other traditional interest rate spreads.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Overnight Index Swap'

Generally short-term, the interest of the overnight rate portion of the swap is compounded and paid at reset dates, with the fixed leg being accounted for in the swap's value to each party. The floating leg's present value is determined by either compounding of the overnight rate or by taking the geometric average of the rate over a given period. Like other interest rate swaps, an interest rate curve must be produced to determine the present value of any cash flows.

RELATED TERMS
  1. LIBOR

    LIBOR or ICE LIBOR (previously BBA LIBOR) is a benchmark rate ...
  2. Overnight Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends immediately ...
  3. Interest Rate Swap

    An agreement between two parties (known as counterparties) where ...
  4. Derivative

    A security whose price is dependent upon or derived from one ...
  5. Swap

    Traditionally, the exchange of one security for another to change ...
  6. Negative Interest Rate Policy (NIRP)

    A negative interest rate policy (NIRP) is an unconventional monetary ...
Related Articles
  1. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Are High-Yield Bonds Too Risky?

    Despite their reputation, the debt securities known as "junk bonds" may actually reduce risk in your portfolio.
  2. Options & Futures

    Are Derivatives Safe For Retail Investors?

    These vehicles have gotten a bad rap in the press. Find out whether they deserve it.
  3. Options & Futures

    An Introduction To Swaps

    Learn how these derivatives work and how companies can benefit from them.
  4. Options & Futures

    Volatility - The Birth Of A New Asset Class

    Learn more about the trading possibilities with the VIX.
  5. Investing

    Can Europe’s QE Be A Stimulus For U.S. Investors?

    Finding value in today’s markets has been difficult, so many investors are turning to opportunities outside of the U.S. But where should they look?
  6. Economics

    10 Countries With The Biggest Forex Reserves

    Without adequate reserves, a nation's economy can grind to a halt. Here are the 10 nations with the biggest forex reserves.
  7. Forex Strategies

    The 10 Riskiest Investments

    Investors seeking high returns must also be prepared for high risk. Here are ten of the riskiest investments available.
  8. Options & Futures

    Was Buffet Right about Derivatives as WMDs?

    Why Warren Buffet described derivatives as weapons of mass destruction, and when can they be helpful or harmful?
  9. Economics

    What’s Driving U.S. Stocks? Irony.

    A seesaw week for U.S. stocks ended on the upside last week, though the rally was more a function of slow growth rather than a booming economy.
  10. Taxes

    Will Itemized Deductions Get You A Bigger Refund?

    April and taxes are due soon. If you need to file your return, you might have to decide if itemizing your deductions this year will net you a better deal.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. DuPont Analysis

    A method of performance measurement that was started by the DuPont Corporation in the 1920s. With this method, assets are ...
  2. Asset Class

    A group of securities that exhibit similar characteristics, behave similarly in the marketplace, and are subject to the same ...
  3. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity. The value of fiat ...
  4. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  5. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  6. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
Trading Center