Pacific Rim

DEFINITION of 'Pacific Rim'

The Pacific Rim is a geographic area surrounding the edges of the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Rim covers the western shores of North America and South America, in addition to Australia, eastern Asia and the islands of the Pacific.

Many Pacific Rim countries have rapidly modernized their economies in recent years, earning nicknames such as the four Asian tigers (Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan) and the tiger cubs (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand).

BREAKING DOWN 'Pacific Rim'

"Pacific Rim" is a description of a region, not a group or organization. The Pacific Ocean is the world's largest ocean, so a very large number of countries border it and can thus be considered part of the region. Among the largest and best-known Pacific Rim countries are China, Australia and South Korea. The United States, Canada and Mexico all have Pacific Ocean coastlines and can thus be considered part of the region.

Asian Tigers and Tiger Cubs

The Asian tigers are a group of developed economies that have all experienced high levels of economic growth since the 1960s due to their exports. Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan are all free market economies and have had success with electronic and technology exports. Hong Kong and Singapore are also major financial centers. The four tigers are considered an inspiration for the tiger cubs, which are less advanced but rapidly growing economies. Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand are all moving from low-margin exports such as textiles and clothing to higher-margin electronics.

Asian Financial Market Crisis

The 1997 Asian financial market crisis was triggered by a devaluation of the Thai baht after the overheated economy collapsed, especially the highly speculative real estate market. The central bank devalued the currency on July 1, 1997 after repeatedly denying that it would do so. Lending into the region dried up, and investors rapidly withdrew their money. The devaluation coincided with United Kingdom's long-scheduled return of Hong Kong to Chinese rule after 155 years as part of the British Empire. The attendant uncertainty helped to fuel the crisis. The hardest-hit countries included Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, South Korea and Hong Kong.

A rescue package by the International Monetary Fund included liberalization of capital markets, high domestic interest rates and pegging local currencies to the value of the U.S. dollar. The region returned to strong economic growth within two years.

Trans-Pacific Partnership

The Trans-Pacific Partnership is a trade deal that was signed on Feb. 4, 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand among 23 Pacific Rim nations; it will take effect if all signatory nations ratify it within two years. The agreement reduces or eliminates a broad range of trade tariffs, and it is intended to provide a platform for broader regional integration. The 12 signatories are the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, Japan, Singapore, Chile, New Zealand, Peru, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei.

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