Path Dependent Option

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Path Dependent Option'

The right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset at a predetermined price during a specified time period, where the price is based on the fluctuations in the underlying's value during all or part of the contract term. A path dependent option's payoff is determined by the path of the underlying asset's price.

BREAKING DOWN 'Path Dependent Option'

A basic American option is one type of path dependent option. Because it can be exercised at any time prior to expiration, its value will change as the underlying asset's value changes. An Asian option, also called an average option, is another type of path dependent option, because its payoff is based on the average price of the underlying asset during the contract term. Similarly, a barrier option would be considered a path dependent option because its value changes if the underlying asset reaches or surpasses a specified price. The lookback option and Russian option are also path-dependent options.



RELATED TERMS
  1. Asian Option

    An option whose payoff depends on the average price of the underlying ...
  2. Barrier Option

    A type of option whose payoff depends on whether or not the underlying ...
  3. Lookback Option

    An exotic option that allows investors to "look back" at the ...
  4. Exotic Option

    An option that differs from common American or European options ...
  5. Underlying

    1. In derivatives, the security that must be delivered when a ...
  6. Derivative

    A security with a price that is dependent upon or derived from ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Pin Down Stock Price With Real Options

    How can you assign a value to what a company may do with its business in the future? We explain how it works.
  2. Options & Futures

    Options Basics Tutorial

    Discover the world of options, from primary concepts to how options work and why you might use them.
  3. Personal Finance

    Investing "Road Less Traveled" May Lead To Riches

    Using the same strategy year after year may be comfortable, but it's not always profitable.
  4. Home & Auto

    Avoiding the 5 Most Common Rent-to-Own Mistakes

    Pitfalls that a prospective tenant-buyer could encounter on the road to purchase – and how not to stumble into them.
  5. Home & Auto

    Renting vs. Owning: Which is Better for You?

    Despite the conventional wisdom, renting might make more financial sense than you think.
  6. Investing Basics

    Explaining Options Contracts

    Options contracts grant the owner the right to buy or sell shares of a security in the future at a given price.
  7. Home & Auto

    When Are Rent-to-Own Homes a Good Idea?

    Lease now and pay later can work – for a select few.
  8. Home & Auto

    When Getting a Rent-to-Own Car Makes Sense

    If your credit is bad, rent-to-own may be a better way to purchase a car than taking out a subprime loan – or it may not be. Get out your calculator.
  9. Options & Futures

    An Introduction To Value at Risk (VAR)

    Volatility is not the only way to measure risk. Learn about the "new science of risk management".
  10. Investing

    Looking To Begin Trading In The Stock Market?

    If you are a new trader, we explain the differences between penny stocks and options so you can make the best decision for your personal trade plan.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How does a forward contract differ from a call option?

    Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the main risks associated with trading derivatives?

    The primary risks associated with trading derivatives are market, counterparty, liquidity and interconnection risks. Derivatives ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How can an investor profit from a fall in the utilities sector?

    The utilities sector exhibits a high degree of stability compared to the broader market. This makes it best-suited for buy-and-hold ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between derivatives and options?

    Options are one category of derivatives. Other types of derivatives include futures contracts, swaps and forward contracts. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How are rights distributed in a rights offering?

    In a rights offering, rights are distributed to shareholders based on the number of shares they already own. What Is a Rights ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What risks should I consider taking a short put position?

    The risks to consider before taking a short put position are the odds of sustained weakness in the asset price and a spike ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Financial Crisis

    A situation in which the value of financial institutions or assets drops rapidly. A financial crisis is often associated ...
  2. Election Period

    The period of time during which an investor who owns an extendable or retractable bond must indicate to the issuer whether ...
  3. Shanghai Stock Exchange

    The largest stock exchange in mainland China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is a nonprofit organization run by the China Securities ...
  4. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
  5. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  6. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!