Patronage Dividend

DEFINITION of 'Patronage Dividend'

A dividend or distribution that a co-operative pays to its members or investors. Patronage dividends are given based on a proportion of profit made by the business. Once this amount is figured out the dividend is calculated according to how much each member has used the co-op's services. Tax rules view these profits essentially as an overcharge, which can be returned to patrons and deducted from the co-op's taxable income.

BREAKING DOWN 'Patronage Dividend'

As the name implies, patronage dividends are paid to individuals as a result of belonging to the co-operative. One example can be seen when families purchase groceries through a co-operative and receive income or a credit on their account in return. Although they are taxed as ordinary dividend income, they may also contain an alternative minimum tax adjustment amount and are usually reported on Form 1099-PATR. Some co-ops will use the dividends to reduce the selling price of items, thus, in a way, the more you spend the more you receive.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Credit Union

    Member-owned financial co-operative. These institutions are created ...
  2. Dividend

    A distribution of a portion of a company's earnings, decided ...
  3. Mutualization

    The process of changing a firm's business structure so the owners ...
  4. Financial Cooperative

    A financial institution that is owned and operated by its members. ...
  5. Distributable Net Income - DNI

    In the case of an income trust, an amount that is transferable ...
  6. Record Date

    The cut-off date established by a company in order to determine ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    How And Why Do Companies Pay Dividends?

    If a company decides to pay dividends, it will choose one of three approaches: residual, stability or hybrid policies. Which a company chooses can determine how profitable its dividend payments ...
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    Why Dividends Matter

    Seven words that are music to investors' ears? "The dividend check is in the mail."
  3. Markets

    Your Dividend Payout: Can You Count On It?

    We go over several telling factors that can help you answer this question and avoid losses.
  4. Investing Basics

    How Dividends Work For Investors

    Find out how a company can put its profits directly into your hands.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    The 3 Best Investments When Bull Markets Slow Down

    Find out why no bull market lasts forever, and why investors should shift their assets away from growth and toward dividends when stocks slow down.
  6. Investing Basics

    How And Why Do Companies Pay Dividends?

    The arguments for dividends include the idea that a dividend provides certainty about a company’s well being.
  7. Stock Analysis

    Analyzing Altria's Return on Equity (ROE) (MO)

    Learn about Altria Group's return on equity (ROE) and analyze net profit margin, asset turnover and financial leverage to determine what is causing its high ROE.
  8. Investing Basics

    The Top 4 Income Investments for Retirees in 2016

    These four investment types should mitigate risk in 2016 for retirees seeking income.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 5 Best T. Rowe Price Funds for the Income Seeker in 2016 (TROW)

    Find out which T. Rowe Price mutual funds to use to create a diversified income portfolio for current income, income growth and capital preservation.
  10. Stock Analysis

    4 Energy Stocks for Income Seekers in 2016 (COP, CVX)

    Discover four energy companies that could maintain or even increase their dividends in 2016, making them the best investments for income-seeking investors.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Which mutual funds made money in 2008?

    Out of the 2,800 mutual funds that Morningstar, Inc., the leading provider of independent investment research in North America, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the dividend reinvestment options for a mutual fund?

    There are two primary choices for how investors can choose to handle dividend distributions made by mutual funds that they ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do mutual funds pay dividends or interest?

    Depending on the type of investments included in the portfolio, mutual funds may pay dividends, interest, or both. Types ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Should I sell my shares if a company suspends its dividend?

    Since 2008, when the Federal Reserve slashed interest rates to zero and then kept them there indefinitely, dividend-paying ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Do hedge funds pay dividends?

    Hedge funds rarely pay dividends to the accredited investors who invest directly in them. Instead, these investors share ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Which mutual funds pay the highest dividends?

    For many people, the reliability of dividend or interest income is one of the primary benefits of investing. Like individuals ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Presidential Election Cycle (Theory)

    A theory developed by Yale Hirsch that states that U.S. stock markets are weakest in the year following the election of a ...
  2. Super Bowl Indicator

    An indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in ...
  3. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  4. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  5. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  6. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
Trading Center