Payment Shock

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Payment Shock'

The risk that a loan's scheduled future periodic payments may increase substantially. Payment shock can be the result of several things, including the expiration of an initial or temporary start interest rate (sometimes known as a teaser rate), the end of a fixed-interest rate period, the end of an interest-only payment period, an increase in an adjustable-rate mortgage's fully indexed interest rate or the recasting of a payment option ARM.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Payment Shock'

Many popular mortgage products, such as payment option ARMs, carry a great deal of payment-shock risk. Consumers are drawn to these mortgages because of the relatively low initial monthly payments they offer. All financial decisions, including the choice of a mortgage, should be made by carefully considering the risk versus the reward. Risks must be identified and measured through insightful analysis. When risks, such as payment shock, are recognized and measured, they can be managed or avoided.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Scheduled Recast

    A recalculation of the remaining amortization schedule of a mortgage ...
  2. Payment Option ARM

    A monthly adjusting adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) which allows ...
  3. Initial Interest Rate Cap

    The maximum amount the interest rate on an adjustable-rate loan ...
  4. Deferred Interest

    The amount of interest that is added to the principal balance ...
  5. Mortgage Recast

    A feature in some types of mortgages where the remaining scheduled ...
  6. Adjustable-Rate Mortgage - ARM

    A type of mortgage in which the interest rate paid on the outstanding ...
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    ARMed And Dangerous

    In a climate of rising interest rates, having an adjustable-rate mortgage can be risky.
  2. Home & Auto

    Choose Your Monthly Mortgage Payments

    Exotic mortgages allow you to decide how much to pay. Find out how much they really cost.
  3. Credit & Loans

    Mortgages: Fixed-Rate Versus Adjustable-Rate

    Both of these have advantages and disadvantages depending on your financial needs and prospects.
  4. Options & Futures

    Make A Risk-Based Mortgage Decision

    Find out how to choose which mortgage style is right for you.
  5. Home & Auto

    Option ARMs: American Dream Or Mortgage Nightmare?

    Option adjustable rate mortgages could make or break your home-buying experience.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Getting A Mortgage After Bankruptcy Or Foreclosure

    Millions of Americans had homes foreclosed and millions more went into bankruptcy. Here are the necessary qualifying steps to buying a home again.
  7. Taxes

    Will Itemized Deductions Get You A Bigger Refund?

    April and taxes are due soon. If you need to file your return, you might have to decide if itemizing your deductions this year will net you a better deal.
  8. Home & Auto

    Save $30,000 For A Home Down Payment In 5 Months

    Before tackling mortgage rates, home maintenance costs and utilities, every home buyer must first gather the funds for a mortgage loan down payment.
  9. Credit & Loans

    Getting A Mortgage When Building Your Own Home

    It's much harder to get a loan when you're building a home, not moving into one. Here's where to look and what to expect.
  10. Credit & Loans

    Understanding Loan-to-Value Ratio

    Loan-to-value ratio (LVR) is a tool used to evaluate the risk in a collateralized loan, usually a mortgage loan.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  2. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
  3. Hurdle Rate

    The minimum rate of return on a project or investment required by a manager or investor. In order to compensate for risk, ...
  4. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value is also commonly used to refer to the market capitalization ...
  5. Preference Shares

    Company stock with dividends that are paid to shareholders before common stock dividends are paid out. In the event of a ...
  6. Accrued Interest

    1. A term used to describe an accrual accounting method when interest that is either payable or receivable has been recognized, ...
Trading Center