Perfect Hedge

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DEFINITION of 'Perfect Hedge'

A position undertaken by an investor that would eliminate the risk of an existing position, or a position that eliminates all market risk from a portfolio. In order to be a perfect hedge, a position would need to have a 100% inverse correlation to the initial position. As such, the perfect hedge is rarely found.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Perfect Hedge'

A common example of a near-perfect hedge would be an investor using a combination of held stock and opposing options positions to self-insure against any loss in the stock position. The cost of this strategy is that it also limits the upside potential of the stock position.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. Is it possible to be perfectly hedged against risk?

    Buying into a debt or equity investment creates a wide range of potential risks for investors. Market risk may reduce an ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between hedging and speculation?

    Hedging involves taking an offsetting position in a derivative in order to balance any gains and losses to the underlying ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why would a company issue a rights offering?

    Companies most commonly issue a rights offering to raise additional capital. A company may need extra capital to meet its ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between share purchase rights and options?

    There is a big difference between share purchase rights and options. With share purchase rights, the holder may or may not ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between an option-adjusted spread and a Z-spread in reference ...

    Unlike the Z-spread calculation, the option-adjusted spread takes into account how the embedded option in a bond can change ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. In what ways can a sinking fund affect bond returns?

    The effective yield of a bond sinking fund to an investor should not be considered similar to a bond nonsinking fund. Both ... Read Full Answer >>
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