Performance Fee

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Performance Fee'

A payment made to a fund manager for generating positive returns. The performance fee is generally calculated as a percentage of investment profits, often both realized and unrealized. It is largely a feature of the hedge fund industry, where performance fees have made many hedge fund managers among the wealthiest people in the world.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Performance Fee'

The basic rationale for performance fees is that they align the interests of fund managers and their investors, and are an incentive for fund managers to generate positive returns. A "2 and 20" annual fee structure - a management fee of 2% of the fund's net asset value and a performance fee of 20% of the fund's profits - has become standard practice among hedge funds. Critics of performance fees, including Warren Buffett, opine that the skewed structure of performance fees - where managers share in the funds' profits but not in their losses - only tempts fund managers to take inordinate risks to generate high returns.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Hedge Fund Manager

    The individual who oversees and makes decisions about the investments ...
  2. Hedge Fund

    An aggressively managed portfolio of investments that uses advanced ...
  3. Management Fee

    A charge levied by an investment manager for managing an investment ...
  4. Performance-Based Compensation

    An incentive-based form of compensation that is reserved for ...
  5. Two And Twenty

    A type of compensation structure that hedge fund managers typically ...
  6. Discretionary Investment Management

    A form of investment management in which buy and sell decisions ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Hedge Fund Failures Illuminate Leverage Pitfalls

    Learn what mistakes cause hedge funds to collapse and how to avoid similar problems.
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Taking A Look Behind Hedge Funds

    Hedge funds can draw returns well above the market average even in a weak economy. Learn about the risks.
  3. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Hedge Funds' Higher Returns Come At A Price

    Learn how hedge funds win big gains for investors - and why they sometimes lose.
  4. Options & Futures

    Hedge Funds: Higher Returns Or Just High Fees?

    Discover the advantages and pitfalls of hedge funds and the questions to ask when choosing one.
  5. Options & Futures

    Hedge Funds Hunt For Upside, Regardless Of The Market

    Hedge funds seek positive absolute returns, and engage in aggressive strategies to make this happen.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    What is the difference between a hedge fund and a private equity fund?

    Learn the primary differences between hedge funds and private equity funds, both of which are utilized by high net worth investors.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    How do hedge funds determine what assets to own?

    Learn about the various types of investments that hedge fund managers use, and explore basic hedge fund management trading strategies.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Where does a hedge fund get its money?

    Learn how a hedge fund is structured and how the managing partner of the fund goes about the process of finding and soliciting investors.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    What is the purpose of a hedge fund?

    Find out what a hedge fund is, how it is set up and why it is different than other forms of investment partnerships like mutual funds.
  10. Investing Basics

    Online Portfolio Management, DIY or Fee-Based Financial Advisor: Which Is Right For You?

    Should you use an online financial planning service, or do professional, fee-based financial planners justify their higher costs?

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Santa Claus Rally

    A surge in the price of stocks that often occurs in the week between Christmas and New Year's Day. There are numerous explanations ...
  2. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are most often ...
  3. Deferred Revenue

    Advance payments or unearned revenue, recorded on the recipient's balance sheet as a liability, until the services have been ...
  4. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  5. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  6. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
Trading Center