Personal Property

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Personal Property'

A type of property which, in its most general definition, can include any asset other than real estate. The distinguishing factor between personal property and real estate is that personal property is movable. That is, the asset is not fixed permanently to one location as with real property such as land or buildings. Examples of personal property include vehicles, furniture, boats, collectibles, etc.

Also known as "movable property", "movables" and "chattels."

BREAKING DOWN 'Personal Property'

It's tough to have a precise definition for "personal property" as it is very much a legal term. The concept is perhaps best understood with a comparision to real property. Under common law systems it is possible to place a mortgage upon real property. Because the lender has rights to the property it makes the extension of credit relatively safe and easy. After all, it's tough to flee the country with your house. On the other hand, it's tougher for a creditor to secure personal property. While common law systems do allow liens to be placed on personal property (such as vehicles) to protect the rights of creditors, there is obviously much more risk that the debtor simply drives away with the collateral if fleeing the country.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Scheduled Personal Property

    Additional coverage that's over and above the typical coverage ...
  2. Non-Scheduled Personal Property

    Refers to the items that are automatically covered under your ...
  3. Common Law Property

    A system used by most states to determine ownership of property ...
  4. Assessed Value

    The dollar value assigned to a property for purposes of measuring ...
  5. Personal Use Property

    A type of property that an individual does not use for business ...
  6. Land

    Property or real estate, not including buildings or equipment, ...
Related Articles
  1. Taxes

    Tax Deductions For Rental Property Owners

    Besides creating ongoing income and capital appreciation, real estate provides deductions that can reduce the income tax on your profits.
  2. Taxes

    Vacation Home Or Income-Producing Investment?

    There is an alternative to letting your cottage sit empty all year, but turning a profit won't be easy.
  3. Home & Auto

    Exploring Real Estate Investments

    Discover how owning properties can give you a roof over your head or a check in your pocket.
  4. Home & Auto

    The Pros and Cons of Owner Financing

    Details on the upside and risks of this type of deal for both the owner and the buyer.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares US Real Estate

    Learn about the iShares US Real Estate fund, which holds shares of equity and nonequity real estate investment trusts incorporated in the United States.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Schedule Loan Repayments with Excel Formulas

    Calculate all the particulars of a loan using Excel, and set up a schedule of repayment for a mortgage or any other loan.
  7. Credit & Loans

    What Qualifies as a Nonperforming Asset?

    A nonperforming asset is a loan made by a financial institution to a borrower who has failed to make any scheduled payments for at least 90 days.
  8. Credit & Loans

    Avoiding Red Flags with Online Mortgage Lenders

    Using an online mortgage lender can be convenient, but how do you know you can trust one? Follow these tips to make sure the lender is legit.
  9. Credit & Loans

    How To Boost Your Credit Score To Save Thousands

    One of the first steps you should follow before buying a home is to boost your credit score. And how do you do that? Here, we tell you how.
  10. Home & Auto

    Comparing Reverse Mortgages vs. Forward Mortgages

    Which one a homeowner chooses depends on where you are at this point in your life, personally and financially.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between "closed end credit" and a "line of credit?"

    Depending on the need, an individual or business may take out a form of credit that is either open- or closed-ended. While ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. In what instances does a business use closed end credit?

    The most common types of closed-end credit used by both businesses and individuals are mortgages and auto loans. Businesses ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the long-term effects of delinquent accounts?

    Delinquency occurs when borrowers fail to make payments on their loans. All loan borrowers should do their best to avoid ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How was the American Dream impacted by the housing market collapse in 2008?

    The American Dream was seriously damaged by the housing market collapse in 2008. In many ways, the American Dream is a self-fulfilling ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How much risk is associated with subprime mortgages?

    A large amount of risk is associated with subprime mortgages. Since the mortgages are specifically for people who do not ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the financial consequences of filing for bankruptcy?

    The financial consequences of filing for bankruptcy are substantial and can be long-lasting. They include impacts on your ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Election Period

    The period of time during which an investor who owns an extendable or retractable bond must indicate to the issuer whether ...
  2. Shanghai Stock Exchange

    The largest stock exchange in mainland China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is a nonprofit organization run by the China Securities ...
  3. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
  4. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  5. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
  6. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!