Pin Risk

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Pin Risk'

A risk that the writer of an options or futures contract faces when the price of the underlying asset closes at or very near the exercise price of the contract upon expiration.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Pin Risk'

This is a very serious risk because if the asset closes at or very near the strike price upon expiration, the options holder could decide to exercise his or her option and the writer could be assigned to the position. For example, say the purchaser of a $30 call wishes to exercise the option to buy the stock if it closes at this price at expiration. If the position is not covered by the writer, he or she will end up with a short position in the stock and all the risks associated with this position. The reverse is true for a put, leaving the options writer in a long position that is potentially going to lose money.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Naked Call

    An options strategy in which an investor writes (sells) call ...
  2. Exercise

    To put into effect the right specified in a contract. In options ...
  3. Assign

    The act of clearing houses and brokerages selecting short option ...
  4. Naked Put

    A put option whose writer does not have a short position in the ...
  5. Pinning the Strike

    The tendency of a stock's price to close near the strike price ...
  6. Underlying

    1. In derivatives, the security that must be delivered when a ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Cut Down Option Risk With Covered Calls

    A good place to start with options is writing these contracts against shares you already own.
  2. Options & Futures

    Naked Call Writing: A Risky Options Strategy

    Learn about this aggressive trading strategy to generate income as part of a diversified portfolio.
  3. Options & Futures

    Options Basics Tutorial

    Discover the world of options, from primary concepts to how options work and why you might use them.
  4. Options & Futures

    Options and Roth IRAs: Do's and Don'ts

    A breakdown of the do's and don'ts of trading options in a Roth IRA.
  5. Options & Futures

    5 Secrets You Didn't Know About Roth IRAs

    Between its generous tax benefits at retirement and no required minimum distributions, a Roth IRA is well worth considering if you're eligible to have one.
  6. Forex Strategies

    The 10 Riskiest Investments

    Investors seeking high returns must also be prepared for high risk. Here are ten of the riskiest investments available.
  7. Options & Futures

    Trade Covered Calls On High Dividend Paying Stocks

    We explain the risks, rewards, timing, and profit and loss considerations for covered calls with dividend stocks.
  8. Options & Futures

    Was Buffet Right about Derivatives as WMDs?

    Why Warren Buffet described derivatives as weapons of mass destruction, and when can they be helpful or harmful?
  9. Options & Futures

    Examples Of Exchange-Traded Derivatives

    We look at some of the most common exchange-traded derivatives.
  10. Options & Futures

    Advantages Of Trading Futures Over Stocks

    We look at the top eight advantages of trading futures over stocks.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. DuPont Analysis

    A method of performance measurement that was started by the DuPont Corporation in the 1920s. With this method, assets are ...
  2. Asset Class

    A group of securities that exhibit similar characteristics, behave similarly in the marketplace, and are subject to the same ...
  3. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity. The value of fiat ...
  4. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  5. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  6. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
Trading Center