Plain Vanilla Swap

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Plain Vanilla Swap'

The most basic type of forward claim that is traded in the over-the-counter market between two private parties, usually firms or financial institutions. There are several types of plain vanilla swaps, such as the plain vanilla interest rate swap, the plain vanilla commodity swap and the plain vanilla foreign currency swap.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Plain Vanilla Swap'

In a plain vanilla interest rate swap, Company A and Company B choose a time frame, a principal amount, a single currency, a fixed interest rate, a floating interest rate and payment dates. On the specified payment dates for the duration of the time frame, Company A pays Company B a fixed rate of interest on the principal amount, and Company B pays Company A a floating interest rate on the principal amount. All payments are made in the same currency and only the net sum of each payment exchanges hands. The purpose of such an exchange might be to reduce interest-rate risk.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Notional Principal Amount

    In an interest rate swap, the predetermined dollar amounts on ...
  2. Commodity Swap

    A swap in which exchanged cash flows are dependent on the price ...
  3. Credit Default Swap - CDS

    A swap designed to transfer the credit exposure of fixed income ...
  4. Bond Swap

    Selling one debt instrument in order to use the proceeds to purchase ...
  5. Currency Swap

    A swap that involves the exchange of principal and interest in ...
  6. Fixed Interest Rate

    An interest rate on a liability, such as a loan or mortgage, ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Do interest rate swaps trade on the open market?

    Interest rate swaps trade on the over-the-counter (OTC) market. Interest rate swaps trade for more value than any other OTC ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Where can I find year-to-date (YTD) returns for benchmarks?

    Benchmarks are securities or groups of securities against which investment performance is analyzed. Examples of popular equity ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the effective interest method of amortization?

    The effective interest method is an accounting practice used for discounting a bond. This method is used for bonds sold at ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Under what circumstances would someone enter into a repurchase agreement?

    In finance, a repurchase agreement represents a contract between two parties, where one party sells a security to the other ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What type of asset allocation should I use if I am already retired?

    Among investors, asset allocation is a topic of discussion that receives a great deal of weight during the asset accumulation ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What happens to the price of a premium bond as it approaches maturity?

    The price of a premium bond will decrease toward par value as the bond approaches maturity. Premium Bonds Vs. Discount Bonds All ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Credit Default Swaps: What Happens In A Credit Event?

    The credit crisis of 2008 prompted important changes to the settlement of credit default swaps.
  2. Investing Basics

    The Barnyard Basics Of Derivatives

    This tale of a fictional chicken farm is a great way to learn how derivatives work in the market.
  3. Options & Futures

    Are Derivatives Safe For Retail Investors?

    These vehicles have gotten a bad rap in the press. Find out whether they deserve it.
  4. Options & Futures

    An Introduction To Swaps

    Learn how these derivatives work and how companies can benefit from them.
  5. Active Trading

    How Companies Use Derivatives To Hedge Risk

    Derivatives can reduce the risks associated with changes in foreign exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices.
  6. Professionals

    Why Investors Are Bailing on Bond ETFs

    Investors are fleeing bond ETFs. Should you follow the herd? Hint: It depends on the type of bond.
  7. Professionals

    Is a Bond Market Selloff Coming?

    A big investment management company is concerned about bond market conditions and allocating more capital to cash. Should you follow?
  8. Credit & Loans

    What is a Syndicated Loan?

    A syndicated loan is one that involves a group of lenders (called the syndicate) who pool their lending resources to make a loan.
  9. Investing Basics

    What is an Asset-Backed Security?

    An asset-backed security (ABS) is a debt security collateralized by a pool of assets.
  10. Stock Analysis

    Is Now the Time for Emerging Market Bonds?

    Higher yields and the potential for price appreciation await investors who take the plunge with emerging market bonds. Here's why.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  2. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
  3. European Central Bank - ECB

    The central bank responsible for the monetary system of the European Union (EU) and the euro currency. The bank was formed ...
  4. Quantitative Easing

    An unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases private sector financial assets in order to lower interest ...
  5. Current Account Deficit

    A measurement of a country’s trade in which the value of goods and services it imports exceeds the value of goods and services ...
  6. International Monetary Fund - IMF

    An international organization created for the purpose of: 1. Promoting global monetary and exchange stability. 2. Facilitating ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!