Plaza Accord

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Plaza Accord'

A 1985 agreement among the G-5 nations (France, Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan) to manipulate exchange rates by depreciating the U.S. dollar relative to the Japanese yen and the German Deutsche mark. Also known as the Plaza Agreement, the Plaza Accord's intention was to correct trade imbalances between the U.S. and Germany and the U.S. and Japan, but it only corrected the trade balance with the former.

BREAKING DOWN 'Plaza Accord'

The yen and the Deutsche mark dramatically increased in value relative to the dollar. A second agreement, the Louvre Accord, was signed in 1987 to stop the continuing decline of the dollar. An unintended consequence was that the Plaza Accord caused Japan to increase trade and investment with East Asia, making it less dependent on the United States.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Exchange Rate

    The price of a nation’s currency in terms of another currency. ...
  2. JPY (Japanese Yen)

    The currency abbreviation or the currency symbol for the Japanese ...
  3. Balance Of Trade - BOT

    The difference between a country's imports and its exports. Balance ...
  4. Trade Surplus

    An economic measure of a positive balance of trade, where a country's ...
  5. Trade Deficit

    An economic measure of a negative balance of trade in which a ...
  6. Group of Five - G-5

    Name given to the five industrialized nations that meet periodically ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    Exploring The Current Account In The Balance Of Payments

    Learn how a country's current account balance reflects the country's economic health.
  2. Personal Finance

    What Is International Trade?

    Everyone's talking about globalization, so we explain what is it and why some oppose it.
  3. Forex Education

    The Louvre Accord: The Fight Against U.S. Dollar Deflation

    After the Plaza Accord, the U.S. dollar continuously declined. In an effort to put on the brakes, the G6 convened.
  4. Forex Education

    The Plaza Accord: The World Intervenes In Currency Markets

    In 1985, the G-5 nations signed an agreement to devalue the United States currency and correct the GDP. To an extent, it worked. But there were casualties.
  5. Economics

    In Praise Of Trade Deficits

    When a country imports more than it exports, is it a recipe for disaster or just part of a larger cycle?
  6. Forex Strategies

    Two Great Currencies To Profit From Oil Volatility

    U.S. dollar crosses with Canadian and Australian dollars offer easy access to crude oil trends due to their tight correlation with energy futures.
  7. Investing

    Redefining the Stop-Loss

    Using Stop-losses for trading doesn’t mean ‘losing money’, but instead think about the money you'll start saving once you learn how they work.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: First Trust Dow Jones Global Sel Div

    Find out about the First Trust Dow Jones Global Select Dividend Index Fund, and learn detailed information about characteristics and suitability of the fund.
  9. Markets

    The 5 Biggest Chinese Natural Gas Companies

    Read about the top five Chinese natural gas companies as measured by gas production volume and learn a little more about their business operations.
  10. Markets

    The 5 Biggest Chinese Insurance Companies

    Read about the top Chinese insurance companies by market capitalization, and learn a little about their positions in the marketplace.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Why is my 401(k) not FDIC-Insured?

    401(k) plans are not FDIC-insured because they are typically composed of investments rather than deposits. The Federal Deposit ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Tame Panic Selling with the Exhausted Selling Model

    The exhausted selling model is a pricing strategy used to identify and trade based off of the price floor of a security. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Point and Figure Charting Using Count Analysis

    Count analysis is a means of interpreting point and figure charts to measure vertical price movements. Technical analysts ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Where do penny stocks trade?

    Generally, penny stocks are traded through the use of the Over the Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB) and through pink sheets. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Where can I buy penny stocks?

    Some penny stocks, those using the definition of trading for less than $5 per share, are traded on regular exchanges such ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What assumptions are made when conducting a t-test?

    The common assumptions made when doing a t-test include those regarding the scale of measurement, random sampling, normality ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bubble Theory

    A school of thought that believes that the prices of assets can temporarily rise far above their true values and that these ...
  2. Stock Market Crash

    A rapid and often unanticipated drop in stock prices. A stock market crash can be the result of major catastrophic events, ...
  3. Financial Crisis

    A situation in which the value of financial institutions or assets drops rapidly. A financial crisis is often associated ...
  4. Election Period

    The period of time during which an investor who owns an extendable or retractable bond must indicate to the issuer whether ...
  5. Shanghai Stock Exchange

    The largest stock exchange in mainland China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is a nonprofit organization run by the China Securities ...
  6. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!