Pre-Approval

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Pre-Approval'

An evaluation of a potential borrower by a lender that determines whether the borrower qualifies for a loan from the lender, or the maximum amount that the lender would be willing to lend. The pre-approval process involves a thorough look into the income and expenses of the borrower, including a look at the borrower's credit report and score.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Pre-Approval'

The pre-approval process involves a confirmation of income and a credit check on the borrower. As long as no major income or credit changes occur between the time of pre-approval and the actual purchase of a home, the dollar amount of pre-approval can be expected to remain the same. The process may take anywhere from a few minutes (for an online lending application) to a couple of weeks. A nonrefundable fee may be charged for the process.

A pre-approved mortgage is still subject to review once a specific property has been chosen, so the dollar amount is not guaranteed. A pre-approval may be lowered or even revoked if the property in question may be difficult to resell in the real estate market due to preconditions, location and other factors.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Credit Score

    A statistically derived numeric expression of a person's creditworthiness ...
  2. Credit Report

    A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared ...
  3. Pre-Qualification

    An initial evaluation of the credit worthiness of a potential ...
  4. Loan

    The act of giving money, property or other material goods to ...
  5. FICO Score

    A type of credit score that makes up a substantial portion of ...
  6. Retail Credit Facility

    A financing method which provides loan services to retail consumers ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Do inquiries for preapproved offers affect my credit score?

    Inquiries for a preapproved offer do not affect a credit score unless a person follows through with the actual application. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between "closed end credit" and a "line of credit?"

    Depending on the need, an individual or business may take out a form of credit that is either open- or closed-ended. While ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. In what instances does a business use closed end credit?

    The most common types of closed-end credit used by both businesses and individuals are mortgages and auto loans. Businesses ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the long-term effects of delinquent accounts?

    Delinquency occurs when borrowers fail to make payments on their loans. All loan borrowers should do their best to avoid ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How was the American Dream impacted by the housing market collapse in 2008?

    The American Dream was seriously damaged by the housing market collapse in 2008. In many ways, the American Dream is a self-fulfilling ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How much risk is associated with subprime mortgages?

    A large amount of risk is associated with subprime mortgages. Since the mortgages are specifically for people who do not ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    4 Steps To Attaining A Mortgage

    It starts with knowing your choices as well as your price range. We show you how to get there.
  2. Credit & Loans

    The Importance Of Your Credit Rating

    A great starting point for learning what a credit score is, how it is calculated and why it is so important.
  3. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  4. Home & Auto

    10 Worst First-Time Homebuyer Mistakes

    These errors could wind up costing you more than the coveted key to your first home.
  5. Options & Futures

    Pre-Qualified Vs. Pre-Approved - What's The Difference?

    These terms may sound the same, but they mean very different things for home buyers.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Calculating Interest Expense

    Interest expense is the cost of borrowing money.
  7. Economics

    What is a Subprime Mortgage?

    Subprime mortgages are offered to borrowers with low credit ratings, usually 600 or below.
  8. Home & Auto

    Strategies To Buy The Perfect Vacation Home

    Ask yourself these six questions to make the right decision about a vacation property.
  9. Economics

    How Does a Lien Work?

    A lien gives a creditor the legal right to seize and sell property, then use the proceeds to pay off a borrower’s debt.
  10. Retirement

    Is Your Mortgage Robbing Your Retirement?

    If you picked the mortgage with the lowest possible monthly payment, you may be blowing what could be your retirement money on mortgage interest.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Social Security

    A United States federal program of social insurance and benefits developed in 1935. The Social Security program's benefits ...
  2. American Dream

    The belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version ...
  3. Multicurrency Note Facility

    A credit facility that finances short- to medium-term Euro notes. Multicurrency note facilities are denominated in many currencies. ...
  4. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. The national currency of a nation is ...
  5. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  6. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!