Prepayment Penalty


DEFINITION of 'Prepayment Penalty'

A clause in a mortgage contract that says if the mortgage is prepaid within a certain time period, a penalty will be assessed. The penalty is usually based on percentage of the remaining mortgage balance or a certain number of months worth of interest.

A prepayment penalty that applies to both the sale of a home and a refinancing transaction is called a "hard" prepayment penalty. A prepayment penalty that applies to refinancing only is called a "soft" prepayment penalty.

BREAKING DOWN 'Prepayment Penalty'

Lenders write prepayment penalties into mortgage contracts to compensate for prepayment risk. As the incentive for a borrower to refinance a subprime mortgage is high, many subprime mortgages have prepayment penalties.

A borrower should be aware of the risks associated with a prepayment penalty. A prepayment penalty can substantially increase the cost of refinancing a mortgage when it would otherwise be economical.

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  3. Subprime

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  1. What are the best ways to pay off my mortgage quickly?

    There are two main strategies for paying off a mortgage more quickly, which can be used alone or in tandem: making larger ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do FHA loans have prepayment penalties?

    Unlike subprime mortgages issued by some conventional commercial lenders, Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans do not ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can FHA loans be refinanced?

    Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans can be refinanced in several ways. According to the U.S. Department of Housing ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can FHA loans be used for investment property?

    Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans were created to promote homeownership. These loans have lower down payment requirements ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Do FHA loans have private mortgage insurance (PMI)?

    he When you make a down payment from 3 to 20% of the value of your home and take out a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How many FHA loans can I have?

    Generally, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) does not insure more than one mortgage per borrower. This is to prevent ... Read Full Answer >>

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