Price Level Targeting

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Price Level Targeting'

A monetary policy goal of keeping overall price levels stable, or meeting a pre-determined price level target. The price level used as a barometer is the Consumer Price Index (CPI), or some similarly broad measure of cost inputs. A central bank or monetary authority operating under a price level targeting system raises or lowers interest rates in order to keep the index level consistent from year to year.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Price Level Targeting'

Price level targeting is similar to inflation targeting in that both establish targets for a price index like the CPI. However, where inflation targeting only looks forward (i.e., a 2% inflation target per year), price level targeting actually takes past years into account when conducting open market operations. So, if the price level rose by 2% in the previous year (from a theoretical base of 100 to 102), the price level would have to drop the next year in order to bring the price level back down to the 100 target level. This could mean more forceful action needs to be taken than would be required if inflation targeting were used.

Price level targeting is generally considered a risky policy stance, and one not used by any of the world's advanced economies. It is believed to bring more variability in inflation and employment in the short run compared to inflation targeting Most economies feel that a small amount of annual inflation is actually a good thing, up to about 2% per year.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds ...
  2. Harmonized Index Of Consumer Prices ...

    A list of the final costs paid by European consumers for the ...
  3. Monetary Policy

    The actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory ...
  4. Push On A String

    When monetary policy cannot entice consumers into spending more ...
  5. Financial Singlularity

    A financial singularity is the point at which investment decisions ...
  6. Optimal Currency Area

    The geographic area in which a single currency would create the ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How does the government influence the securities market?

    Governments generally say they don't like to take an active role in the securities market (except for regulating it); however, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the utility function and how is it calculated?

    In economics, utility function is an important concept that measures preferences over a set of goods and services. Utility ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does the bond market react to changes in the Federal Funds Rate?

    The bond market is highly sensitive to changes in the federal funds rate. When the Federal Reserve increases the federal ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Which is more important to a nation's economy, the balance of trade or the balance ...

    There is no question the composition of a country's balance of payments is more important than its balance of trade. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the ethical arguments against government subsidies to companies like Tesla?

    The ethical argument behind government subsidies is that they should be put into place to help industries that will, in turn, ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    The Federal Reserve

    Few organizations can move the market like the Federal Reserve. As an investor, it's important to understand exactly what the Fed does and how it influences the economy.
  2. Personal Finance

    How The U.S. Government Formulates Monetary Policy

    Learn about the tools the Fed uses to influence interest rates and general economic conditions.
  3. Economics

    The Importance Of Inflation And GDP

    Learn the underlying theories behind these concepts and what they can mean for your portfolio.
  4. Economics

    How Does China Manage Its Money Supply?

    Here's how the Central Bank of China manages its currency rates and the money supply.
  5. Investing News

    The Financial Singularity Will Destroy Your Return

    Given the current and future growth of financial technology, many believe algorithms will soon define what drives market outcomes. With a wealth of big data, algorithms would be able to create ...
  6. Economics

    What Happens to the Economy If China Deleverages

    Attempts to deleverage and institute reforms that will foster more sustainable growth could exacerbate an already slowing Chinese economy.
  7. Economics

    As Fed Prepares To Move, Gold Is Losing Its Luster

    Last week’s Semi-Annual Monetary Policy Report to Congress returned investors’ focus back to the fundamentals, and a general upbeat of the economy.
  8. Economics

    Do Transport Stocks Signal a U.S. Selloff?

    The Dow Jones Transportation Average index has underperformed the broader DJ Industrials Average, leading some market watchers to speculate a selloff.
  9. Professionals

    The Most Popular ETFs with Financial Advisors

    Financial advisors might continue to perform well by holding these popular ETFs, but time is limited.
  10. Economics

    Why U.S. Consumers Aren’t Spending

    Despite continued improvement in the labor market and lower gasoline prices, consumers' activity remains soft: retail sales growth is close to its lowest.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  2. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  3. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  4. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  5. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
  6. Grandfathered Activities

    Nonbank activities, some of which would normally not be permissible for bank holding companies and foreign banks in the United ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!