Prime

What does 'Prime' mean

Prime is a classification of borrowers, rates or holdings in the lending market that are considered to be of high quality. This classification is placed on those borrowers that are deemed to be the most credit-worthy and the prime rate is the rate that a lender will lend to its high quality borrowers.

BREAKING DOWN 'Prime'

Lenders use a credit scoring system to determine which loans a borrower may qualify. A major variable in this credit scoring system is a borrower's FICO score (which may range from 300 to 850). In general a borrower with a FICO score greater than 620 is considered to be eligible for a prime loan; however, other variables, such as past payment history, bankruptcy, foreclosure and the loan-to-value ratio are also considered.

Since a lender's incentives are not always aligned with a borrower's incentives, it is important for consumers to shop for the best loan at the best rate.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What should ordinary borrowers know about the prime rate?

    Learn more about how prime rates are used in consumer lending and how consumers may obtain better interest rates at or near ... Read Answer >>
  2. What's the difference between the prime rate and the discount rate?

    Learn more about the prime rate and the discount rate and how the Federal Reserve uses these rates in the U.S. economy. Explore ... Read Answer >>
  3. What is the most important "C" in the Five Cs of Credit?

    Learn how the five C's of credit affect new credit application decisions, and understand how a lender analyzes each aspect ... Read Answer >>
  4. Why do high profiting sales mitigate credit risk?

    Learn more about credit risk in loaning to individuals and businesses. Understand how credit risk is determined and the impact ... Read Answer >>
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    Learn the difference between the five C's of credit and credit rating and how they are used together by banks and finance ... Read Answer >>
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