Private Annuity

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DEFINITION of 'Private Annuity'

An agreement between two parties in which one party (annuitant) transfers an asset to another party (obligor) in return for unsecured payments for the remainder of the annuitant's life. For the agreement to be classified as a private annuity, neither party can be in the business of selling annuities - that is, neither party can be an insurance company.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Private Annuity'

The tax benefits of the asset transfer are the major benefit of this type of agreement. In most cases, a private annuity is used to transfer assets to a family member where a normal transfer would be subject to gift or estate taxes. The private annuity effectively makes the transfer a sale, thus removing high gift and estate taxes that would come with a simple asset transfer. The interest rate that is used for calculating the payments on the annuity is determined by IRS 7520 rates. Once this rate is set, it cannot be changed. This annuity will often be held in a trust to defer tax.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. For what types of financial instruments would I want to calculate the present value ...

    Because the present value of an annuity formula relies on a consistent interest rate and identical payments for a set period ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What exact information is included in the interest rate when calculating the present ...

    When calculating the present value of an annuity, the interest rate percentage is the rate at which future payments are discounted ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do you calculate a present value of annuity using Excel?

    Calculating the present value of an annuity using Microsoft Excel is fairly straightforward if you know the interest rate, ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between the present value of an annuity and the future value ...

    The present value of an annuity represents the sum that must be invested now to guarantee a desired payment amount in the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why would I need to calculate the present value of an annuity?

    To calculated the present value of an annuity, all that is needed is the interest rate, payment amount and number of periods ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Is Social Security Income a perpetuity?

    Because Social Security income does not continue indefinitely, it cannot be classified as a perpetuity. What Is a Perpetuity? A ... Read Full Answer >>
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