Probate Court



The segment of the judicial system primarily charged with handling such matters as wills, estates, conservatorships and guardianships, as well as the commitment of mentally ill persons to institutions designed to help them. In addition, the court may also deal with similar situations involving minors, although typically through a juvenile division.


When wills are contested (for whatever reason), the probate court is responsible for ruling on the authenticity of the document and the mental stability of the person who signed it. The court also decides who is to receive what portion of the decedent's assets based on the instructions in the will or, barring that, other laws in place.

  1. Estate Planning

    The collection of preparation tasks that serve to manage an individual's asset ...
  2. Will

    A legally enforceable declaration of how a person wishes his or her property ...
  3. Will Variation

    A provision that allows a surviving spouse and/or children to contest a will ...
  4. Heir

    HeirA person who inherits some or all of the estate of another person who has ...
  5. Beneficiary

    Anybody who gains an advantage and/or profits from something. In the financial ...
  6. Trust

    A fiduciary relationship in which one party, known as a trustor, gives another ...
  7. Revocable Trust

    A trust whereby provisions can be altered or canceled dependent on the grantor. ...
  8. Laughing Heir

    A distant relative who has inheritance rights despite not having a close, personal ...
  9. Ultimogeniture

    A system of inheritance whereby the youngest son gains possession of his deceased ...
  10. Crummey Trust

    An estate planning technique that can be employed to take advantage of the gift ...
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