Private Securities Litigation Reform Act – PSLRA

Definition of 'Private Securities Litigation Reform Act – PSLRA'


Legislation passed by Congress in 1995 to stem the filing of frivolous or unwarranted securities lawsuits. The PSLRA increased the amount of evidence plaintiffs were required to have before filing a securities fraud case with the federal courts. It also changed the way securities class action lawsuits were handled by giving judges the authority to determine plaintiffs and to take other actions to reduce legal system abuses.

Investopedia explains 'Private Securities Litigation Reform Act – PSLRA'


A shareholder may file a securities fraud claim in federal court to recover damages sustained as a result of the fraud. Before the PSLRA, plaintiffs could file a lawsuit simply because a stock price changed significantly and hope that the discovery process would reveal potential fraud. After the PSLRA, plaintiffs were required to bring forth particular fraudulent statements made by the defendant, to allege that the fraudulent statements were reckless or intentional and to prove that they suffered a financial loss as a result of the alleged fraud.


Filed Under:

comments powered by Disqus
Hot Definitions
  1. Leased Bank Guarantee

    A bank guarantee that is leased to a third party for a specific fee. The issuing bank will conduct due diligence on the creditworthiness of the customer looking to secure a bank guarantee, then lease a guarantee to that customer for a set amount of money and over a set period of time, typically less than two years.
  2. Degree Of Financial Leverage - DFL

    A ratio that measures the sensitivity of a company’s earnings per share (EPS) to fluctuations in its operating income, as a result of changes in its capital structure. Degree of Financial Leverage (DFL) measures the percentage change in EPS for a unit change in earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT).
  3. Jeff Bezos

    Self-made billionaire Jeff Bezos is famous for founding online retail giant Amazon.com.
  4. Re-fracking

    Re-fracking is the practice of returning to older wells that had been fracked in the recent past to capitalize on newer, more effective extraction technology. Re-fracking can be effective on especially tight oil deposits – where the shale products low yields – to extend their productivity.
  5. TIMP (acronym)

    'TIMP' is an acronym that stands for 'Turkey, Indonesia, Mexico and Philippines.' Similar to BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China), the acronym was coined by and investor/economist to group fast-growing emerging market economies in similar states of economic development.
  6. Pension Risk Transfer

    When a defined benefit pension provider offloads some or all of the plan’s risk – e.g.: retirement payment liabilities to former employee beneficiaries. The plan sponsor can do this by offering vested plan participants a lump-sum payment to voluntarily leave the plan, or by negotiating with an insurance company to take on the responsibility for paying benefits.
Trading Center