Refinancing Risk

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Refinancing Risk'

1. The risk that an early unscheduled repayment of principal on mortgage-backed securities(MBS) will occur when the underlying mortgages are refinanced by borrowers. All MBS buyers assume some level of prepayments in their initial yield calculations, but an increase in the level of refinancing (which usually occurs as a result of falling interest rates) means that MBSs mature faster and will have to be reinvested at lower rates.

2. For a mortgage borrower, the risk that he or she will not be able to refinance an existing mortgage at a future date under favorable terms.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Refinancing Risk'

1. The prepayment estimates used to price mortgage-backed securities are made based on market conventions known as "speeds". There are two primary measures of mortgage prepayment speeds: the conditional prepayment rate and the Public Securities Association standard prepayment model.

2. Typically, refinancing risk is associated with short-term mortgage products such as hybrid ARMs and payment option ARMs. Borrowers often take on unforeseen risks when they assume that they will be able to refinance out of an existing mortgage at some planned future date - usually before a payment or interest rate reset date - to avoid an increase in their monthly payments. Interest rates might rise substantially before that date, or home price depreciation could lead to a loss of equity, which might make it hard to refinance as planned.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Public Securities Association Standard ...

    An assumed monthly rate of prepayment that is annualized to the ...
  2. Risk

    The chance that an investment's actual return will be different ...
  3. Conditional Prepayment Rate - CPR

    A loan prepayment rate that is equal to the proportion of the ...
  4. Vintage

    A slang term used by mortgage-backed securities (MBS) traders ...
  5. Implied Call

    A right given to mortgage borrowers that allows them to call ...
  6. Interest Due

    The portion of a current mortgage payment that is comprised of ...
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    How Mortgage Refinancing Affects Your Net Worth

    Find out how to determine whether refinancing will put you ahead or even more behind.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Profit From Mortgage Debt With MBS

    Mortgage-backed securities can offer monthly income, a fixed interest rate and even government backing.
  3. Retirement

    Mortgage Asset-Liability Management Made Easy

    Should you refinance your mortgage to purchase other assets? Learn how to weigh your risk.
  4. Home & Auto

    Option ARMs: American Dream Or Mortgage Nightmare?

    Option adjustable rate mortgages could make or break your home-buying experience.
  5. Investing Basics

    The Most Popular Bitcoin Mining Software

    Success at mining bitcoins depends on the combination of time, knowledge, computer hardware and the complementary software.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    What is the difference between a hedge fund and a private equity fund?

    Learn the primary differences between hedge funds and private equity funds, both of which are utilized by high net worth investors.
  7. With stocks surging, financial advisers and their wealthy clients are asking why they should continue to bother with poorly performing alternatives.
    Professionals

    Are Advisors Off Alternatives?

    With stocks surging, financial advisers and their wealthy clients are asking why they should continue to bother with poorly performing alternatives.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Where does a hedge fund get its money?

    Learn how a hedge fund is structured and how the managing partner of the fund goes about the process of finding and soliciting investors.
  9. Investing Basics

    Putting Your Retirement Eggs in Several Baskets

    When trying to reduce the volatility of one's investments, it's good to diversify by varying one's portfolio assets or doing some alternative investing.
  10. bitcoin
    Investing Basics

    Medici, The Blockchain Stock Exchange

    Overstock CEO Patrick Byrne's revolutionary Project Medici would list Overstock securities on a blockchain-based exchange--a turning point for Bitcoin?

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  2. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  3. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  4. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  5. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
  6. Free Carrier - FCA

    A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods to a named airport, terminal, or other place where the carrier operates. ...
Trading Center