Reflexivity

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Reflexivity'

The idea that a person's thoughts and ideas tend to be inherently biased. In other words, the values and thoughts of a person will be represented in their work.

In the context of finance, the theory of reflexivity states that investors' and traders' biases can change the fundamentals that assist in determining market prices.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Reflexivity'

There are two types of reflexivity: personal and epistemological. Personal reflexivity refers to how a person's values, beliefs, acquaintances and interests influence his or her research or work. Epistemological reflexivity attempts to identify the foundations of knowledge and the implications of any findings.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Behavioral Finance

    A field of finance that proposes psychology-based theories to ...
  2. Behavioral Economics

    The study of psychology as it relates to the economic decision ...
  3. Market Psychology

    The overall sentiment or feeling that the market is experiencing ...
  4. Market Sentiment

    The overall attitude of investors toward a particular security ...
  5. Fundamentals

    The qualitative and quantitative information that contributes ...
  6. Precedent Transaction Analysis

    A valuation method in which the prices paid for similar companies ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What methods can be used to measure and profit from investor sentiment?

    First of all, when people talk about investor sentiment, or market sentiment, they are referring to the aggregate attitude ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Is finance an art or a science?

    The short answer to this question is "both". Finance, as a field of study and an area of business, definitely has strong ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do I calculate a modified duration using Matlab?

    The modified duration gauges the sensitivity of the fixed income securities to changes in interest rates. To calculate the ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do I calculate the rule of 72 using Matlab?

    In finance, the rule of 72 is a useful shortcut to assess how long it takes an investment to double given its annual growth ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do I calculate the standard error using Matlab?

    In statistics, the standard error is the standard deviation of the sampling statistical measure, usually the sample mean. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I adjust the rule of 72 for higher accuracy?

    The rule of 72 refers to a time value of money formula that investors use to calculate how quickly an investment will double ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Active Trading

    What Is Market Efficiency?

    The efficient market hypothesis (EMH) suggests that stock prices fully reflect all available information in the market. Is this possible?
  2. Forex Education

    George Soros: The Philosophy Of An Elite Investor

    George Soros spent decades as one of the world's elite investors, and even he didn't always come out on top. But when he did, it was spectacular.
  3. Active Trading Fundamentals

    An Introduction To Behavioral Finance

    Curious about how emotions and biases affect the market? Find some useful insight here.
  4. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Leading Indicators Of Behavioral Finance

    Discover how put-call ratios and moving averages can be used to analyze investor behavior.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    Understanding the Profitability Index

    The profitability index (PI) is a modification of the net present value method of assessing an investment’s attractiveness.
  6. Economics

    What is Neoliberalism?

    Neoliberalism is a little-used term to describe an economy where the government has few, if any, controls on economic factors.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    Explaining the Monte Carlo Simulation

    Monte Carlo simulation is an analysis done by running a number of different variables through a model in order to determine the different outcomes.
  8. Economics

    Understanding Limited Liability

    Limited liability is a legal concept that protects equity owners from personal losses due to their ownership interest in the company.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Explaining the Empirical Rule

    The empirical rule provides a quick estimate of the spread of data in a normal statistical distribution.
  10. Economics

    Explaining Demographics

    Demographics is the study and categorization of people based on factors such as income level, education, gender, race, age, and employment.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Social Security

    A United States federal program of social insurance and benefits developed in 1935. The Social Security program's benefits ...
  2. American Dream

    The belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version ...
  3. Multicurrency Note Facility

    A credit facility that finances short- to medium-term Euro notes. Multicurrency note facilities are denominated in many currencies. ...
  4. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. The national currency of a nation is ...
  5. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  6. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!