Reserve Requirements

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Reserve Requirements'

Requirements regarding the amount of funds that banks must hold in reserve against deposits made by their customers. This money must be in the bank's vaults or at the closest Federal Reserve bank.

Also known as "required reserves."

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Reserve Requirements'

Set by the Fed's board of governors, reserve requirements are one of the three main tools of monetary policy. The other two tools are open market operations and the discount rate.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Discount Rate

    The interest rate charged to commercial banks and other depository ...
  2. Federal Reserve Bank

    The central bank of the United States and the most powerful financial ...
  3. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds ...
  4. Book Balance

    Funds on deposit prior to any adjustment for check clearing, ...
  5. Federal Open Market Committee - ...

    The branch of the Federal Reserve Board that determines the direction ...
  6. Monetary Policy

    The actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the implications of a low Federal Funds Rate?

    The federal funds rate is the interest rate at which banks borrow reserves from one another. A low federal funds rate implies ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do central banks inject money into the economy?

    Central banks use several different methods to increase (or decrease) the amount of money in the banking system. These actions ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do central banks acquire currency reserves and how much are they required to ...

    A currency reserve is a currency that is held in large amounts by governments and other institutions as part of their foreign ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    The Federal Reserve

    Few organizations can move the market like the Federal Reserve. As an investor, it's important to understand exactly what the Fed does and how it influences the economy.
  2. Forex Education

    Why China's Currency Tangos With The USD

    Investopedia explains: It takes two to tango, but unless both partners move in perfect cohesion, a sequence of graceful maneuvers can be reduced to a series of clumsy moves. The latter depiction ...
  3. Personal Finance

    How The Federal Reserve Manages Money Supply

    Find out how the Fed manages bank reserves and this contributes to a stable economy.
  4. Economics

    What’s Driving U.S. Stocks? Irony.

    A seesaw week for U.S. stocks ended on the upside last week, though the rally was more a function of slow growth rather than a booming economy.
  5. Economics

    What is the Income Effect?

    In economics, the income effect is the change in the consumption of goods caused by a change in income, whether income goes up or down.
  6. Economics

    What is Fiat Money?

    Fiat money is currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity.
  7. Economics

    What Do You Need To Know About Inflation?

    When it comes to inflation, there is no shortage of opinions: one side argues the Fed should raise rates, and the opposition says the Fed should stay put.
  8. Forex

    Is Quantitative Easing Destroying The Euro?

    Quantitative easing being undertaken by the ECB to stabilize the Eurozone economies is sure to have some impact in decreasing the value of the euro.
  9. Economics

    Worried About The Fed Hike?

    With the Nasdaq crossing the threshold and the broader equity bull market entering its 7th year, many investors are anxious that stocks are in a bubble.
  10. Taxes

    The Fundamentals of Draghinomics

    European Central Bank President Mario Draghi has introduced a set of reforms aimed at reviving the eurozone economy.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  2. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  3. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
  4. Hurdle Rate

    The minimum rate of return on a project or investment required by a manager or investor. In order to compensate for risk, ...
  5. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value is also commonly used to refer to the market capitalization ...
  6. Preference Shares

    Company stock with dividends that are paid to shareholders before common stock dividends are paid out. In the event of a ...
Trading Center