Reserve Bank of Australia

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Reserve Bank of Australia'

The Reserve Bank of Australia is Australia's central bank and its main responsibility is to be involved in Australia's monetary policy. In addition, the Reserve Bank of Australia is also involved in banking and registry services for federal agencies and some international central banks. The Reserve Bank of Australia is tasked with contributing to three objectives: a) The stability of Australia's currency, b) Maintenance of full employment in Australia and c) The economic prosperity of the people of Australia. The bank was established in 1960 and is entirely owned by the Australian government.

BREAKING DOWN 'Reserve Bank of Australia'

The Reserve Bank of Australia was established by Australia's parliament in the Reserve Bank Act of 1959. The act effectively replaced the Commonwealth Bank of Australia, which had been Australia's central bank since 1911. The Reserve Bank of Australia is currently headed by Governor of the Reserve Bank, Glenn Stevens, who assumed office in 2006.

RELATED TERMS
  1. National Australia Bank - NAB

    One of the major banking entities in Australia. The National ...
  2. Foreign Investment Funds (FIF) ...

    A tariff imposed on Australian residents by their government ...
  3. South African Reserve Bank

    The South African Reserve Bank is the reserve bank of the Republic ...
  4. Bankmail

    An agreement made between a company planning a takeover and a ...
  5. Central Bank

    The entity responsible for overseeing the monetary system for ...
  6. Bank

    A financial institution licensed as a receiver of deposits. There ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  2. Personal Finance

    How The U.S. Government Formulates Monetary Policy

    Learn about the tools the Fed uses to influence interest rates and general economic conditions.
  3. Forex Education

    Get To Know The Major Central Banks

    The policies of these banks affect the currency market like nothing else. See what makes them tick.
  4. Personal Finance

    The Currency Board: Understanding The Government's Bank

    Currency board, central bank - what's the difference? Find out more about this little-known monetary authority.
  5. Forex Education

    Global Trade And The Currency Market

    Learn how the Bretton Woods system got the ball rolling for world trade.
  6. Personal Finance

    What Are Central Banks?

    They print money, they control inflation, and much, much more. All you need to know about central banks is here.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    An Introduction To The International Monetary Fund (IMF)

    Chances are you've heard of the IMF. But what does it do, and why is it so controversial?
  8. Economics

    What Qualifies as Full Employment?

    Full employment is an economic term describing a situation where all available labor resources are being utilized to their highest extent.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Is India the Next Emerging Markets Superstar?

    With a shift towards manufacturing and services, India could be the next emerging market superstar. Here, we provide a detailed breakdown of its GDP.
  10. Economics

    A Look at Greece’s Messy Fiscal Policy

    Investigate the muddy fiscal policy, tax problems, and inability to institute austerity that created the Greek crises in 2010 and 2015.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How do central banks acquire currency reserves and how much are they required to ...

    A currency reserve is a currency that is held in large amounts by governments and other institutions as part of their foreign ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How is the Federal Reserve audited?

    Contrary to conventional wisdom, the Federal Reserve is extensively audited. Politicians on the left and right of a populist ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Who decides when to print money in the US?

    The U.S. Treasury decides to print money in the United States as it owns and operates printing presses. However, the Federal ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can the federal reserve increase aggregate demand?

    The Federal Reserve can increase aggregate demand in indirect ways by lowering interest rates. Aggregate demand is a measure ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does the stock market react to changes in the Federal Funds Rate?

    The stock market reacts to changes in the federal funds rate in various ways depending on where it is in the business cycle. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  2. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
  3. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
  4. Gorilla

    A company that dominates an industry without having a complete monopoly. A gorilla firm has large control of the pricing ...
  5. Elephants

    Slang for large institutions that have the funds to make high volumes trades. Due to the large volumes of stock that elephants ...
  6. Widow's Exemption

    In general terms, a widow's exemption refers to the amount that can be deducted from taxable income by a widow, thereby reducing ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!