Resident Alien


DEFINITION of 'Resident Alien'

A foreigner who is a permanent resident of the country in which he or she resides but does not have citizenship. To fall under this classification in the U.S., you need to either currently have a green card or have had one in the last calendar year. You also fall under the U.S. classification of resident alien if you have been in the U.S. for more than 31 days during the current year along with having been in the U.S. for at least 183 days over a three-year period that includes the current year.


Loading the player...

BREAKING DOWN 'Resident Alien'

Resident and non-resident aliens have different filing advantages and disadvantages. For example, a resident alien can use foreign tax credits, whereas a non-resident cannot. However, in general, a resident alien is subject to the same taxes as a U.S. citizen, while a non-resident alien only pays tax on income that is generated within the U.S, not including capital gains.

  1. Green Card

    A permit issued by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services ...
  2. IRS Publication 54

    A document published by the Internal Revenue Service that outlines ...
  3. Physical-Presence Test

    Similar to the bona fide foreign residence test, the physical-presence ...
  4. Dual-Status Taxpayer

    A taxpayer that has met the criteria to be both a resident and ...
  5. Citizenship Test

    One of the key criteria set forth by the IRS that a person must ...
  6. Bona Fide Foreign Resident

    Any resident of a foreign country that meets the IRS criteria ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    What is a Resident Alien?

    A resident alien is a foreigner who is a permanent resident of the country in which he or she resides but does not have citizenship.
  2. Taxes

    Tax Rules For Resident And Nonresident Aliens

    This article examines the definition and tax treatment of these types of non-U.S. citizens.
  3. Taxes

    Revisiting the Internet Sales Tax Bill: 2013 Vs. 2015

    Learn about the Marketplace Fairness Act of 2015 being reviewed by congress and the differences between it and the 2013 Marketplace Fairness Act.
  4. Investing Basics

    Internet Sales Tax's Effect on Interstate Commerce

    Find out how a national Internet sales tax could affect interstate commerce, and why some bigger online retailers are lobbying for such a tax.
  5. Investing Basics

    What are the fiduciary responsibilities of board members?

    Find out what fiduciary duties a board of directors owes to the company and its shareholders, including the duties of care, good faith and loyalty.
  6. Savings

    The Worst Financial Problems Ultra-High-Net-Worth-Individuals (UHNWIs) Face

    Understand how the problems of ultra-high-net-worth individuals (UHNWIs) are different from ordinary problems, and identify the unique financial challenges they face.
  7. Retirement

    Americans Are Living Longer, but Social Security Is Not Catching Up

    Find out how Social Security really works, why the system is in trouble and whether retirees are simply living too long for Social Security to remain viable.
  8. Investing News

    What Affirmative Action Means for Businesses

    A look at what Affirmative Action means for your business.
  9. Retirement

    How Yearly Taxes on 401(k) Accounts Work

    Learn how your contributions to traditional or Roth 401(k) accounts are taxed, either in the year of contributions or at withdrawal, depending on the type.
  10. Investing

    Protect Your Creations--Register Your Trademark

    Federally registering your brand name or logo offers the broadest protection against potential trademark infringement.
  1. I am a non-U.S. citizen living outside the U.S. and trading stocks through a U.S. ...

    The tax implications for a foreign investor will depend on whether that person is classified as a resident alien or a non-resident ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do I file taxes for income from foreign sources?

    If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien, your income (except for amounts exempt under federal law), including that which ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. As a temporary resident of the US, can I withdraw funds from my Traditional IRA without ...

    Should you decide to invest in a Traditional IRA and receive a tax deduction for your contribution, the amounts that you ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can I tell if I'm eligible for an EITC?

    According to the IRS, over 22 million taxpayers received $41.4 billion dollars in earned income tax credit (EITC) for tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Are personal loans tax deductible?

    Interest paid on personal loans is not tax deductible. If you take out a loan to buy a car for personal use or to cover other ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Does a Flexible Spending Account (FSA) cover braces?

    Funds from a Flexible Spending Account (FSA) can be used to cover costs associated with installing, maintaining and removing ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bar Chart

    A style of chart used by some technical analysts, on which, as illustrated below, the top of the vertical line indicates ...
  2. Bullish Engulfing Pattern

    A chart pattern that forms when a small black candlestick is followed by a large white candlestick that completely eclipses ...
  3. Cyber Monday

    An expression used in online retailing to describe the Monday following U.S. Thanksgiving weekend. Cyber Monday is generally ...
  4. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  5. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
Trading Center