Reverse Cash-and-Carry-Arbitrage

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Reverse Cash-and-Carry-Arbitrage'

A combination of a short position in an asset such as a stock or commodity, and a long position in the futures for that asset. Reverse cash-and-carry arbitrage seeks to exploit pricing inefficiencies for the same asset in the cash (or spot) and futures markets in order to make riskless profits. The arbitrageur or trader accepts delivery of the asset against the futures contract, which is used to cover the short position. This strategy is only viable if the futures price is cheap in relation to the spot price of the asset. That is, the proceeds from the short sale should exceed the price of the futures contract and the costs associated with carrying the short position in the asset.

BREAKING DOWN 'Reverse Cash-and-Carry-Arbitrage'

This strategy is only viable if the futures price is cheap in relation to the spot price of the asset. That is, the proceeds from the short sale should exceed the price of the futures contract and the costs associated with carrying the short position in the asset.

Consider the following example of reverse cash-and-carry-arbitrage. Assume an asset currently trades at $104, while the one-month futures contract is priced at $100. In addition, monthly carrying costs on the short position (for example, dividends are payable by the short seller) amount to $2. In this case, the trader or arbitrageur would initiate a short position in the asset at $104, and simultaneously buy the one-month futures contract at $100. Upon maturity of the futures contract, the trader accepts delivery of the asset and uses it to cover the short position in the asset, thereby ensuring an arbitrage or riskless profit of $2.
 

RELATED TERMS
  1. Cash-And-Carry Trade

    A trading strategy in which an investor buys a long position ...
  2. Cash-And-Carry-Arbitrage

    A combination of a long position in an asset such as a stock ...
  3. Risk Arbitrage

    A broad definition for three types of arbitrage that contain ...
  4. Cost Of Carry

    Costs incurred as a result of an investment position. These costs ...
  5. Arbitrage

    The simultaneous purchase and sale of an asset in order to profit ...
  6. Futures

    A financial contract obligating the buyer to purchase an asset ...
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    Credit Card Arbitrage: Free Money Or Dangerous Gamble?

    Credit card arbitrage is a way to make some money, but it's a major gamble with devastating risks.
  2. Options & Futures

    Arbitrage Squeezes Profit From Market Inefficiency

    This influential strategy capitalizes on the relationship between price and liquidity.
  3. Options & Futures

    Trading The Odds With Arbitrage

    Profiting from arbitrage is not only for market makers - retail traders can find opportunity in risk arbitrage.
  4. Options & Futures

    Using Interest Rate Parity To Trade Forex

    Learn the basics of forward exchange rates and hedging strategies to understand interest rate parity.
  5. Investing

    Finding Value in the Selloff Rubble

    Globally and in the United States, stocks are now in correction mode, with the recent erosion in equities in emerging markets and Europe in a bear market.
  6. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Arbitrage Pricing Theory: It's Not Just Fancy Math

    What are the main ideas behind arbitrage pricing theory? We provide a simple explanation of the model and how to use it.
  7. Investing Basics

    Explaining Forward Rate Agreements

    Forward rate agreement (FRA) refers to an interest rate or foreign exchange hedging strategy.
  8. Options & Futures

    An Introduction To Value at Risk (VAR)

    Volatility is not the only way to measure risk. Learn about the "new science of risk management".
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: United States Natural Gas Fund LP

    Find out more about the United States Natural Gas exchange-traded fund, the characteristics of the ETF and the suitability and recommendations of it.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: United States Oil Fund

    Find out more about the United States Oil Fund, the characteristics of USO, and the suitability and recommendations of the ETF for investors.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is arbitrage?

    Arbitrage is basically buying in one market and simultaneously selling in another, profiting from a temporary difference. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do futures contracts roll over?

    Traders roll over futures contracts to switch from the front month contract that is close to expiration to another contract ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Is there a difference between financial spread betting and arbitrage?

    Financial spread betting is a type of speculation that involves a highly leveraged derivative product, whereas arbitrage ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does a forward contract differ from a call option?

    Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why do companies enter into futures contracts?

    Different types of companies may enter into futures contracts for different purposes. The most common reason is to hedge ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What does a futures contract cost?

    The value of a futures contract is derived from the cash value of the underlying asset. While a futures contract may have ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
  2. Gorilla

    A company that dominates an industry without having a complete monopoly. A gorilla firm has large control of the pricing ...
  3. Elephants

    Slang for large institutions that have the funds to make high volumes trades. Due to the large volumes of stock that elephants ...
  4. Widow's Exemption

    In general terms, a widow's exemption refers to the amount that can be deducted from taxable income by a widow, thereby reducing ...
  5. Wedding Warrant

    A warrant that can only be exercised if the host asset, typically a bond or preferred stock, is surrendered. Until the call ...
  6. Marlboro Friday

    A reference to Friday, April 2, 1993, when Philip Morris, the maker of Marlboro cigarettes, announced that it would be cutting ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!