Risk Assessment

DEFINITION of 'Risk Assessment'

The process of determining the likelihood that a specified negative event will occur. Investors and business managers use risk assessments to determine things like whether to undertake a particular venture, what rate of return they require to make a particular investment and how to mitigate an activity's potential losses.

BREAKING DOWN 'Risk Assessment'

Examples of formal risk assessment techniques and measurements include conditional value at risk-cVaR (used by portfolio managers to reduce the likelihood of incurring large losses); loan-to-value ratios (used by mortgage lenders to evaluate the risk of lending funds to purchase a particular property); and credit analysis (used by lenders to analyze a potential client's financial data to determine whether to lend money and if so, how much and at what interest rate).



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