Risk-Based Mortgage Pricing

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DEFINITION of 'Risk-Based Mortgage Pricing'

Mortgage lenders' offers of different interest rates and loan terms to different borrowers based on a grading of the credit worthiness of each borrower. Lenders grade borrowers, and offer different rates and terms to borrowers, based on several criteria including the borrower's credit score, payment history and the loan to value (LTV) ratio of the mortgage. Risk-based pricing is commonly used by Alt-A and subprime lenders.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Risk-Based Mortgage Pricing'

Risk-based mortgage pricing has expanded the types of mortgages lenders offer and increased the number of borrowers that can generally qualify for a mortgage. Alt-A and subprime mortgages, the types of mortgages generally subject to risk-based pricing, are frequently sold by the mortgage originator into the secondary mortgage market, where they typically become part of collateralized mortgage obligations (CMO), asset backed securities (ABS) and collateralized debt obligations (CDO). Risk-based pricing plays a large part in the structuring of CMO, ABS and CDO, enhancing their overall credit rating and making them attractive to wide range of investors.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Collateralized Mortgage Obligation ...

    A type of mortgage-backed security in which principal repayments ...
  2. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  3. Collateralized Debt Obligation ...

    An investment-grade security backed by a pool of bonds, loans ...
  4. Asset-Backed Security - ABS

    A financial security backed by a loan, lease or receivables against ...
  5. Subprime Mortgage

    A type of mortgage that is normally made out to borrowers with ...
  6. Alt-A

    A classification of mortgages where the risk profile falls between ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What role did securitization play in the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis?

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  2. How often is interest compounded?

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  3. How does the loan-to-value ratio affect my mortgage payments?

    Several factors affect the mortgage rate you can obtain when you purchase a home. Lenders analyze credit histories and scores ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What's the difference between a collateralized debt obligation (CDO) and a collateralized ...

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  5. What is the difference between a savings & loan company and a bank?

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  6. Why does the loan-to-value ratio matter?

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