DEFINITION of 'Sampling Distribution'
A probability distribution of a statistic obtained through a large number of samples drawn from a specific population. The sampling distribution of a given population is the distribution of frequencies of a range of different outcomes that could possibly occur for a statistic of a population.
INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Sampling Distribution'
For example, suppose you wanted to find out the sampling distribution of SAT scores for all U.S. high school students in a given year. To do so, you would take repeated random samples of high school students from the general population and then compute the average test score for each sample. The distribution of those sample means would provide you with the sampling distribution for the average SAT test score.
RELATED TERMS

Durbin Watson Statistic
A number that tests for autocorrelation in the residuals from ... 
Decision Tree
A schematic treeshaped diagram used to determine a course of ... 
Distribution
1. When trading volume is higher than that of the previous day ... 
Probability Distribution
A statistical function that describes all the possible values ... 
Sampling Error
A statistical error to which an analyst exposes a model simply ... 
Normal Distribution
A probability distribution that plots all of its values in a ...
Related Articles

Markets
The Uses And Limits Of Volatility
Check out how the assumptions of theoretical risk models compare to actual market performance. 
Fundamental Analysis
Find The Right Fit With Probability Distributions
Discover a few of the most popular probability distributions and how to calculate them. 
Personal Finance
What is the average salary for an accountant?
Learn about the average salaries of various accounting positions, and see the difference that an accounting degree makes in attaining higher wages. 
Fundamental Analysis
Lognormal and Normal Distribution
When and why do you use lognormal distribution or normal distribution for analyzing securities? Lognormal for stocks, normal for portfolio returns. 
Economics
Is the Bureau of Labor Statistics accurate?
Read this brief analysis of the accuracy of Bureau of Labor Statistics, including a summary of the types of reports issued and how they are compiled. 
Economics
Where is cost of living lowest in the world?
Learn how the cost of living is the lowest in India based on numbers derived from the CPI and organizations like Expatistan and Numbeo. 
Investing Basics
Using Normal Distribution Formula To Optimize Your Portfolio
Normal or bell curve distribution can be used in portfolio theory to help portfolio managers maximize return and minimize risk. 
Economics
How does the Bureau of Labor Statistics define contingent workers?
Discover how contingent workers are a significant part of the labor force and are defined as persons who do not expect their jobs to last. 
Economics
How does the Bureau of Labor Statistics determine the Consumer Price Index (CPI)?
Changes in the average price level of more than 200 goods and services across the U.S. economy are used to determine the Consumer Price Index, or CPI. 
Economics
How is the cost of living index calculated?
Discover how calculations for cost of living indexes are made based on the average prices of common goods and services between different regions.