What is a 'Sampling Distribution'
A sampling distribution is a probability distribution of a statistic obtained through a large number of samples drawn from a specific population. The sampling distribution of a given population is the distribution of frequencies of a range of different outcomes that could possibly occur for a statistic of a population.
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BREAKING DOWN 'Sampling Distribution'
For example, suppose you wanted to find out the sampling distribution of SAT scores for all U.S. high school students in a given year. To do so, you would take repeated random samples of high school students from the general population and then compute the average test score for each sample. The distribution of those sample means would provide you with the sampling distribution for the average SAT test score.
RELATED TERMS

Sampling
A process used in statistical analysis in which a predetermined ... 
Sample
A subset containing the characteristics of a larger population. ... 
Representative Sample
A subset of a statistical population that accurately reflects ... 
Central Limit Theorem  CLT
A statistical theory that states that given a sufficiently large ... 
Simple Random Sample
A subset of a statistical population in which each member of ... 
Systematic Sampling
A type of probability sampling method in which sample members ...
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