Saturday Night Special

DEFINITION of 'Saturday Night Special'

An obsolete takeover strategy where one company attempted a takeover of another company by making a sudden public tender offer, usually over the weekend. This merger and acquisition (M&A) technique was popular in the early 1970s when the Williams Act required only seven calendar days between the time that a tender was publicly announced and its deadline. Catching the target company off guard and over the weekend, effectively reducing its time for a response, often afforded the acquiring company an advantage.

BREAKING DOWN 'Saturday Night Special'

A tender offer is basically an attempt to takeover control of a company by asking shareholders to sell their shares at a specified price (usually above market). If enough shareholders sell their shares, the takeover is complete. The Saturday Night Special was effective when the Williams Act required a minimum of seven days between the public announcement of the tender and its deadline. When the time period was extended to 20 days, this technique failed to be the quick strike it was originally intended to be. In addition, acquisitions of 5% or more of equity now need to be disclosed to the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC).

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RELATED FAQS
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    Learn how tender offers are used in takeover attempts, and understand the difference between a hostile takeover and a friendly ... Read Answer >>
  2. What happens to the shares of stock purchased in a tender offer?

    Learn what a tender offer is, whether it is a good idea to accept a tender offer and what happens to the shares of stock ... Read Answer >>
  3. Under what circumstances might a company decide to do a hostile takeover?

    Learn about why companies use a hostile takeover to gain control of another company, and understand the different methods ... Read Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between a hostile takeover and a friendly takeover?

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