DEFINITION of 'Schedule I Bank'

A Canadian financial institution regulated under the Federal Bank Act. A Schedule I bank cannot be wholly owned by non-residents.

BREAKING DOWN 'Schedule I Bank'

Under Bill C-8, implemented on October 24, 2001, the Schedule I and II bank structures were replaced with a new size-based ownership regime which is based upon the institution's equity.

  • Institutions with over $5 billion in equity are required to have no person owning more than 20% of the voting shares or 30% of the non-voting shares.
  • Institutions with equity of $1 billion to $5 billion have fewer restrictions on ownership, as they are only subject to having a public float of 35% of voting shares.
  • Institutions with less than $1 billion in equity have no ownership restriction.


Although the Schedule I and II bank structures have been replaced, they are still widely used to describe the two structures of bank in Canada.

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