Semi-Variable Cost

DEFINITION of 'Semi-Variable Cost'

A cost composed of a mixture of fixed and variable components. Costs are fixed for a set level of production or consumption, becoming variable after the level is exceeded.

Also known as a "semi-fixed cost."

BREAKING DOWN 'Semi-Variable Cost'

This type of cost is variable in the sense that greater levels of production increase total cost. If no production occurs, then a fixed cost is still incurred.

Labor costs in a factory are semi-variable. The fixed portion is the wage paid to workers for their regular hours. The variable portion is the overtime pay they receive when they exceed their regular hours.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Operating Margin

    A ratio used to measure a company's pricing strategy and operating ...
  2. Variable Cost-Plus Pricing

    A pricing method in which the selling price is established by ...
  3. High-Low Method

    In cost accounting, a way of attempting to separate out fixed ...
  4. Account Analysis

    1. In cost accounting, this is a way for an accountant to analyze ...
  5. Variable Cost

    A corporate expense that varies with production output. Variable ...
  6. Fixed Cost

    A cost that does not change with an increase or decrease in the ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Understanding The Income Statement

    Learn how to use revenue and expenses, among other factors, to break down and analyze a company.
  2. Markets

    A Look At Corporate Profit Margins

    Take a deeper look at a company's profitability with the help of profit margin ratios.
  3. Options & Futures

    Advanced Financial Statement Analysis

    Learn what it means to do your homework on a company's performance and reporting practices before investing.
  4. Markets

    Introduction To Fundamental Analysis

    Learn this easy-to-understand technique of analyzing a company's financial statements and reports.
  5. Stock Analysis

    Analyzing Microsoft's Return on Equity (ROE) (MSFT)

    Discover a detailed analysis of Microsoft's historical return on equity, and learn how its ROE stacks up to its competitors in the tech industry.
  6. Economics

    Economist Guide: 5 Lessons Milton Friedman Teaches Us

    Find out what can still be learned from the late economist Milton Friedman, a Nobel prize winner and champion of free market economics.
  7. Stock Analysis

    Performance Review: Emerging Markets Equities in 2015

    Find out why emerging markets struggled in 2015 and why a half-decade long trend of poor returns is proving optimistic growth investors wrong.
  8. Investing

    Don't Freak Out Over Black Swans; Be Prepared

    Could 2016 be a big year for black swans? Who knows? Here's what black swans are, how they can devastate the unprepared, and how the prepared can emerge unscathed.
  9. Economics

    Economist Guide: 3 Lessons Karl Marx Teaches Us

    Read about three lessons that modern economic thinkers can learn from German philosopher Karl Marx, the founding father of communism.
  10. Stock Analysis

    Analyzing Sirius XM's Return on Equity (ROE) (SIRI)

    Learn more about the Sirius XM's overall 2015 performance, return on equity performance and future predictions for the company's ROE in 2016 and beyond.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How are semi-variable costs similar to fixed costs?

    Semi-variable costs and fixed costs are similar. Semi-variable costs consist of fixed costs and variable costs. A fixed cost ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the variables in variable costs?

    Variable cost is an economic term that refers to an expense a company is facing that varies based on factors that are inconsistent ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do minimum wage laws make labor a fixed or variable cost?

    Labor is a semi-variable cost. Semi-variable costs have elements of variable costs and fixed costs. Variable costs vary with ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. When does a growth stock turn into a value opportunity?

    A growth stock turns into a value opportunity when it trades at a reasonable multiple of the company's earnings per share ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the formula for calculating EBITDA?

    When analyzing financial fitness, corporate accountants and investors alike closely examine a company's financial statements ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I calculate the P/E ratio of a company?

    The price-earnings ratio (P/E ratio) is a valuation measure that compares the level of stock prices to the level of corporate ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Harry Potter Stock Index

    A collection of stocks from companies related to the "Harry Potter" series franchise. Created by StockPickr, this index seeks ...
  2. Liquidation Margin

    Liquidation margin refers to the value of all of the equity positions in a margin account. If an investor or trader holds ...
  3. Black Swan

    An event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation and that would be extremely difficult ...
  4. Inverted Yield Curve

    An interest rate environment in which long-term debt instruments have a lower yield than short-term debt instruments of the ...
  5. Socially Responsible Investment - SRI

    An investment that is considered socially responsible because of the nature of the business the company conducts. Common ...
Trading Center