Settlement Risk

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Settlement Risk'

The risk that one party will fail to deliver the terms of a contract with another party at the time of settlement. Settlement risk can be the risk associated with default at settlement and any timing differences in settlement between the two parties. This type of risk can lead to principal risk.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Settlement Risk'

Settlement risk is the possibility your counter party will never pay you. Settlement risk was a problem in the forex market up until the creation of continuously linked settlement (CLS), which is facilitated by CLS Bank International, which eliminates time differences in settlement, providing a safer forex market.

Settlement risk is sometimes called "Herstatt risk", named after the well-known failure of the German bank Herstatt. On Jun 26, 1974, the bank had taken in its foreign-currency receipts in Europe, but had not made any of its U.S. dollar payments when German banking regulators closed the bank down, leaving counter parties with the substantial losses.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Delivery Risk

    The risk that a counterparty in a transaction may not be able ...
  2. Aggregate Risk

    The exposure of a bank, financial institution, or any type of ...
  3. Settlement Agent

    1. The party involved in completing a transaction between a buyer ...
  4. Failure To Deliver

    An outcome in a transaction where one of the counterparties in ...
  5. Rolling Settlement

    The process of settling security trades on successive dates so ...
  6. Replacement Risk

    The risk that a contract holder will know that the counterparty ...
Related Articles
  1. The Fundamentals Of Forex Fundamentals
    Forex Education

    The Fundamentals Of Forex Fundamentals

  2. A Primer On The Forex Market
    Options & Futures

    A Primer On The Forex Market

  3. Getting Started In Forex
    Options & Futures

    Getting Started In Forex

  4. Curious About Stock Index Futures? Read ...
    Options & Futures

    Curious About Stock Index Futures? Read ...

comments powered by Disqus
Hot Definitions
  1. Last In, First Out - LIFO

    An asset-management and valuation method that assumes that assets produced or acquired last are the ones that are used, sold ...
  2. Ghosting

    An illegal practice whereby two or more market makers collectively attempt to influence and change the price of a stock. ...
  3. Elasticity

    A measure of a variable's sensitivity to a change in another variable. In economics, elasticity refers the degree to which ...
  4. Tangible Common Equity - TCE

    A measure of a company's capital, which is used to evaluate a financial institution's ability to deal with potential losses. ...
  5. Yield To Maturity (YTM)

    The rate of return anticipated on a bond if held until the maturity date. YTM is considered a long-term bond yield expressed ...
  6. Net Present Value Of Growth Opportunities - NPVGO

    A calculation of the net present value of all future cash flows involved with an additional acquisition, or potential acquisition. ...
Trading Center