Shadow Market


DEFINITION of 'Shadow Market'

An unregulated private market in which investors can purchase shares in companies that are not currently publicly traded. Shadow markets in stocks give investors an opportunity to invest in companies prior to their initial public offerings (IPO). However, the SEC requires investors to have a net worth greater than $1 million in order to participate in this nontransparent market. These people are what the SEC refers to as "accredited investors".

BREAKING DOWN 'Shadow Market'

The main benefit of using the shadow market to purchase shares is that the accredited investor can get exposure to certain companies much earlier than most other investors. This greatly increases the potential profit for the investor if the stock goes public and demand from average investors drives the stock price up. Some of the downsides of the shadow market include lack of liquidity, lack of disclosure from the company, and a greater degree of uncertainty and risk.

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  1. Can mutual funds invest in IPOs?

    Mutual funds can invest in initial public offerings (IPOS). However, most mutual funds have bylaws that prevent them from ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What kind of assets can be traded on a secondary market?

    Virtually all types of financial assets and investing instruments are traded on secondary markets, including stocks, bonds, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why would a company decide to utilize H-shares over A-shares in its IPO?

    A company would decide to utilize H shares over A shares in its initial public offering (IPO) if that company believes it ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do I place a buy limit order if I want to buy a stock during an initial public ...

    During an initial public offering, or IPO, a trader may place a buy limit order by choosing "Buy" and "Limit" in the order ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do corporate actions affect floating stock?

    Corporate actions, defined as a company's actions that affect the amount of outstanding company stock shares, can either ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the advantages and disadvantages of listing on the Nasdaq versus other stock ...

    The primary advantages for a company of listing on the Nasdaq exchange are lower listing fees and lower minimum requirements ... Read Full Answer >>

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