Share Capital


DEFINITION of 'Share Capital'

Funds raised by issuing shares in return for cash or other considerations. The amount of share capital a company has can change over time because each time a business sells new shares to the public in exchange for cash, the amount of share capital will increase. Share capital can be composed of both common and preferred shares.

Also known as "equity financing".


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BREAKING DOWN 'Share Capital'

The amount of share capital a company reports on its balance sheet only accounts for the initial amount for which the original shareholders purchased the shares from the issuing company. Any price differences arising from price appreciation/depreciation as a result of transactions in the secondary market are not included.

For example, suppose ABC Inc. raised $2 billion from its initial public offering. Over the next year, the total value of its shares increases to $5 billion. In this case, the value of the share capital is still only $2 billion because ABC Inc. had received only $2 billion from the sale of its securities to the investing public.

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  1. What are the types of share capital?

    Share capital refers to the funds a company receives from selling ownership shares to the public. A company that issues 1, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What do people mean when they say debt is a relatively cheaper form of finance than ...

    In this case, the "cost" being referred to is the measurable cost of obtaining capital. With debt, this is the interest expense ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What types of capital are not considered share capital?

    The money a business uses to fund operations or growth is called capital, and there are a number of capital sources available. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between issued share capital and subscribed share capital?

    The difference between subscribed share capital and issued share capital is the former relates to the amount of stock for ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How many votes am I entitled to, if I own ordinary shares of a company?

    If an investor owns one ordinary share of a company, that investor is entitled to one vote on all of that company's major ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between the equity market and the stock market?

    The terms "equity market" and "stock market" are synonymous, both referring to the equity interests in publicly held companies, ... Read Full Answer >>

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