Short-Term Debt

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Short-Term Debt'

An account shown in the current liabilities portion of a company's balance sheet. This account is comprised of any debt incurred by a company that is due within one year. The debt in this account is usually made up of short-term bank loans taken out by a company.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Short-Term Debt'

The value of this account is very important when determining a company's financial health. If the account is larger than the company's cash and cash equivalents, this suggests that the company may be in poor financial health and does not have enough cash to pay off its short-term debts. Although short-term debts are due within a year, there may be a portion of the long-term debt included in this account. This portion pertains to payments that must be made on any long-term debt throughout the year.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Debt

    An amount of money borrowed by one party from another. Many corporations/individuals ...
  2. Capital Note

    Short-term unsecured debt generally issued by a company to pay ...
  3. Cash

    Legal tender or coins that can be used in exchange goods, debt, ...
  4. Cash And Cash Equivalents - CCE

    An item on the balance sheet that reports the value of a company's ...
  5. Current Liabilities

    A company's debts or obligations that are due within one year. ...
  6. Liability

    A company's legal debts or obligations that arise during the ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Reading The Balance Sheet

    Learn about the components of the statement of financial position and how they relate to each other.
  2. Investing

    What is the short/current long-term debt account on a company's balance sheet?

    A lot of confusion can arise with this balance sheet account. After all, how can something be both long and short? Despite appearances, however, this concept is not as complex as one might first ...
  3. Options & Futures

    Advanced Financial Statement Analysis

    Learn what it means to do your homework on a company's performance and reporting practices before investing.
  4. Markets

    Introduction To Fundamental Analysis

    Learn this easy-to-understand technique of analyzing a company's financial statements and reports.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    How do I calculate dividend payout ratio from a balance sheet?

    Understand what the dividend payout ratio indicates and learn how it can be calculated using the figures from a company's balance sheet statement.
  6. Credit & Loans

    When is it necessary to get a letter of credit?

    Capitalize on assets and negate risks by using a letter of credit. Letters of credit are often requested for buying, selling or trading.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    Can entities other than banks issue letters of credit?

    Obtaining a letter of credit from a non-bank is legally acceptable according to the ICC, but companies tend to prefer to receive them from banks.
  8. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between a fixed asset and a current asset?

    Discover the difference between fixed assets and current assets and the value of each to a company. Learn the category and where to record each asset.
  9. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between tangible and intangible assets?

    Discover the difference between tangible assets and intangible assets and the types of assets that are in each. Additionally, learn where these are recorded.
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between profitability and profit?

    Calculating company profit and profitability are not one and the same, and investors should understand the difference between the two terms.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Treasury Bond - T-Bond

    A marketable, fixed-interest U.S. government debt security with a maturity of more than 10 years. Treasury bonds make interest ...
  2. Weight Of Ice, Snow Or Sleet Insurance

    Financial protection against damage caused to property by winter weather specifically, damage caused if a roof caves in because ...
  3. Weather Insurance

    A type of protection against a financial loss that may be incurred because of rain, snow, storms, wind, fog, undesirable ...
  4. Portfolio Turnover

    A measure of how frequently assets within a fund are bought and sold by the managers. Portfolio turnover is calculated by ...
  5. Commercial Paper

    An unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by a corporation, typically for the financing of accounts receivable, inventories ...
  6. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds maintained at the Federal Reserve to another depository institution ...
Trading Center