Savings And Loan Crisis - S&L

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Savings And Loan Crisis - S&L'

One of the largest financial scandals in U.S. history, the Savings and Loan Crisis emerged in the late 1970s and came to a head in the 1980s, finally ending in the early 1990s. In the volatile interest rate climate of the '70s, large numbers of depositors removed their funds from savings and loan institutions (S&Ls) and put them in money market funds, where they could get higher interest rates since money market funds weren't governed by Regulation Q, which capped the amount of interest S&Ls could pay to depositors. S&Ls, which were largely making their money from low-interest mortgages, did not have the means to offer higher interest rates, though they tried to once interest rate ceilings were dropped in the early '80s. As S&L regulations loosened, they engaged in increasingly risky activities, including commercial real estate lending and investments in junk bonds.

Also known as "thrifts".

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Savings And Loan Crisis - S&L'

Because S&L deposits were insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC), depositors continued to put money into these risky institutions. A complex web of these factors and others, combined with widespread corruption, led to the insolvency of the FSLIC, the government bailout of the thrifts to the tune of $124 billion in taxpayer dollars and the liquidation of 747 insolvent S&Ls by the U.S. government's Resolution Trust Corporation. One of the largest S&L failures was that of Lincoln Savings & Loan, part of the Keating Five scandal which exposed the political corruption that was part of the S&L Crisis.

RELATED TERMS
  1. U.S. League Of Savings Institutions

    A now-defunct nationwide organization of savings institutions. ...
  2. Federal Savings and Loan

    A federally chartered savings and loan is a banking institution ...
  3. Depository Institutions Act of ...

    A law passed by Congress with the intent of making savings and ...
  4. Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions ...

    A law enacted by Congress in 1982 to enable banks and other savings ...
  5. Commercial Bank

    A financial institution that provides services, such as accepting ...
  6. Bankruptcy

    A legal proceeding involving a person or business that is unable ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between a bank's liquidity and its liquid assets?

    A company's liquid assets can easily be converted into cash to meet financial obligations on short notice. Liquidity is the ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How are risk weighted assets used to calculate the solvency ratio in regulatory capital ...

    Risk-weighted assets are the denominator in the calculation to determine the solvency ratio under the provisions of the Basel ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What happens when a company defaults on its commercial paper obligations?

    As a practical matter, the Issuing and Paying Agent, or IPA, is responsible for reporting the commercial paper issuer's default ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can small investors buy collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs)?

    Collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), which are pools of mortgage-backed securities (MBS), are available to smaller ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. In what ways does Bayesian probability support the probability default model when ...

    During the European debt crisis, several countries in the Eurozone were faced with high structural deficits, a slowing economy ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the typical day-to-day responsibilities of a Chief Operating Officer (COO)?

    A country's debt crisis affects the world through a loss of investor confidence and systemic financial instability. A country's ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Top 6 U.S. Government Financial Bailouts

    U.S. bailouts date all the way back to 1792. Learn how the biggest ones affected the economy.
  2. Home & Auto

    From Booms To Bailouts: The Banking Crisis Of The 1980s

    The economic environment of the late 1970s and early 1980s created the perfect storm for a banking crisis.
  3. Insurance

    Riding The Market Bubble: Don't Try This At Home

    Riding the bubble takes timing, a clear understanding of the market and, most of all, a lot of luck.
  4. Insurance

    A Nightmare On Wall Street

    These tales of banking terror sent shivers down the spines of even the most steadfast bankers.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 2007-08 Financial Crisis In Review

    If you don't know how the recession began, read on to learn more.
  6. Investing

    Market Crisis: Does Diversification Still Work?

    If you still aren’t sold on the benefits of international diversification, you may object that: Diversification didn’t work during the last market crisis.
  7. Investing Basics

    The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act

    The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, commonly called Dodd-Frank, was passed in 2010. The goal of the act is to prevent another great recession like that of 2008, which ...
  8. Investing

    3 Major Risks For Annaly’s Investors

    Thanks to its double-digit dividend yield, Annaly Capital Management has long been a favorite among income-seeking investors.
  9. Credit & Loans

    Which Is One Of The Nation’s Safest Banks?

    While there's no such thing as a completely safe bank stock, it's hard to find one that comes closer to the mark than New York Community Bancorp .
  10. Economics

    Afraid Of A New Financial Crisis?

    It may be time for the U.S. to adopt a model for financial companies that better deters risky financial behavior.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Covered Call

    An options strategy whereby an investor holds a long position in an asset and writes (sells) call options on that same asset ...
  2. Butterfly Spread

    A neutral option strategy combining bull and bear spreads. Butterfly spreads use four option contracts with the same expiration ...
  3. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  4. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
  5. Yield Curve

    A line that plots the interest rates, at a set point in time, of bonds having equal credit quality, but differing maturity ...
  6. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include labor and capital, while output is typically measured in ...
Trading Center