Small Firm Effect

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Small Firm Effect'

A theory that holds that smaller firms, or those companies with a small market capitalization, outperform larger companies. This market anomaly is a factor used to explain superior returns in the Three Factor Model, created by Gene Fama and Kenneth French - the three factors being the market return, companies with high book-to-market values, and small stock capitalization.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Small Firm Effect'

The theory holds that smaller companies have a greater amount of growth opportunities than larger companies. Small cap companies also tend to have a more volatile business environment, and the correction of problems - such as the correction of a funding deficiency - can lead to a large price appreciation. Finally, small cap stocks tend to have lower stock prices, and these lower prices mean that price appreciations tend to be larger than those found among large cap stocks.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Fama And French Three Factor Model

    A factor model that expands on the capital asset pricing model ...
  2. Return

    The gain or loss of a security in a particular period. The return ...
  3. Capital Asset Pricing Model - CAPM

    A model that describes the relationship between risk and expected ...
  4. Book-To-Market Ratio

    A ratio used to find the value of a company by comparing the ...
  5. Market Capitalization

    The total dollar market value of all of a company's outstanding ...
  6. Efficient Market Hypothesis - EMH

    An investment theory that states it is impossible to "beat the ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Does the massive size of Berkshire Hathaway reduce its future returns?

    Berkshire Hathaway ranks among the most valuable companies in the United States, alongside such names as Google, Microsoft ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the utility function and how is it calculated?

    In economics, utility function is an important concept that measures preferences over a set of goods and services. Utility ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the most important equity market indexes?

    The most important equity market indexes are the S&P 500, Nasdaq Composite and Russell 2000. These indexes in total provide ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can I use a regression to see the correlation between prices and interest rates?

    In statistics, regression analysis is a widely used technique to uncover relationships among variables and determine whether ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do I calculate a modified duration using Matlab?

    The modified duration gauges the sensitivity of the fixed income securities to changes in interest rates. To calculate the ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I calculate the rule of 72 using Matlab?

    In finance, the rule of 72 is a useful shortcut to assess how long it takes an investment to double given its annual growth ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Seven Market Anomalies Investors Should Know

    Though they're unpredictable and heavily contested, market anomalies can often work in an investor's favor.
  2. Markets

    Understanding Small- And Big-Cap Stocks

    If you don't realize how big small-cap stocks can be, you'll miss some good investment opportunities.
  3. Insurance

    Market Capitalization Defined

    Find out the differences between mega-, large-, mid- and small-cap stocks and how each suits different investing styles.
  4. Markets

    An Introduction To Small Cap Stocks

    When it comes to a company's size, bigger isn't always better for investors. Find out more here.
  5. Economics

    What's a Centrally Planned Economy?

    A centrally planned economy is one where the government controls the country’s supply and demand of goods and services.
  6. Economics

    What are Barriers to Entry?

    A barrier to entry is any obstacle that restricts or impedes a company’s efforts to enter an industry.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: SPDR S&P 500 Trust

    Find out more about the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust, the characteristics of the exchange traded fund and the suitability of investing in the fund.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Energy Select Sector SPDR

    Find out more about the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund, the top holdings of this exchange-traded fund and the characteristics of the fund.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 ETFs For Investing in China

    Discover the top three China ETFs. Chinese stocks tend to be quite volatile, presenting opportunities for savvy investors, given the country's high growth rate.
  10. Investing News

    The Financial Singularity Will Destroy Your Return

    Given the current and future growth of financial technology, many believe algorithms will soon define what drives market outcomes. With a wealth of big data, algorithms would be able to create ...

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Hedging Transaction

    A type of transaction that limits investment risk with the use of derivatives, such as options and futures contracts. Hedging ...
  2. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  3. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  4. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  5. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  6. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!